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What we know about the (dis)satisfaction with democracy in Brazil? Evaluative orientations of democracy according to Brazilian in the Recent Democratic Period (2002-2014)

Grant number: 16/05619-7
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: August 01, 2016 - July 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - Political Behavior
Principal Investigator:Fabíola Brigante Del Porto
Grantee:Fabíola Brigante Del Porto
Home Institution: Centro de Estudos de Opinião Pública (CESOP). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The main aim of this project is to carry out a detailed study on the concept of satisfaction with democracy in Brazil from the longitudinal analysis of individual measures from national surveys to the recent democratic period (2002-2014). Understanding satisfaction with democracy as a multifaceted phenomenon, the project examines the dimensions of assessments of the incumbents and holders of power, of representative institutions, services and public policy and the rules and procedures of the system and verifies which dimensions are more important to structure the satisfaction or dissatisfaction of citizens with democracy in the recent Brazilian scene. The specific objectives are: 1. Review the national and international literature on democratic legitimacy and effectiveness, discontent, dissatisfaction and political support to conceptualize satisfaction with democracy; 2. Empirically analyze the correlates of the measure of satisfaction with the way democracy works in different surveys researches and longitudinally in order to verify possible variations and / or ambiguities in the measure of satisfaction with democracy; 3. To address the evaluation of the democratic regime as a multidimensional construct in order to advance the understanding of the perceptions that people have about the performance of the democratic system, and understand which dimensions of the regime citizen use to evaluate it; 4. Check if the contents of satisfaction with democracy are different for groups of individuals with different social cleavages. In addition to the understanding of satisfaction with democracy in multidimensional terms, the project aims to contribute to the studies of political support in Brazil including in evaluation perceptions about normative aspects of representative democracy, such as voting, elections and representative capacity of the system. The hypothesis suggests that the levels of satisfaction with democracy are conditioned not only by assessments of their results but also of the effectiveness of its normative aspects. It is the inclusion of this perception of procedures that makes the assessment of the democracy differentiate conceptual and empirically of the assessment of the incumbents and holders of power. (AU)