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The co-evolution of life and oxygen on early earth: a South American perspective

Grant number: 15/16235-2
Support type:Research Projects - SPEC Program
Duration: August 01, 2016 - July 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences
Principal Investigator:Pascal Andre Marie Philippot
Grantee:Pascal Andre Marie Philippot
Visiting researcher institution: Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7, France
Home Institution: Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas (IAG). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Marly Babinski ; Ricardo Ivan Ferreira da Trindade
Assoc. researchers: Andrea Somogyi ; Douglas Galante ; Ernesto Pecoits ; Helio Cesar Nogueira Tolentino ; Janaina Nunes Avila ; Pierre Cartigny ; Trevor Ireland ; Vincent Busigny
Associated scholarship(s):19/12132-5 - High-resolution environmental record of banded iron formations through rock magnetic, crystallographic and geochemical properties, BP.DD
18/14617-3 - Time constraints, redox conditions and sediment sources attending the Proterozoic rise of atmospheric oxygen in Brazil, BP.PD
18/05892-0 - Element and isotope geochemistry from iron formations and black shales: new insights into paleoredox conditions during the Paleo- and Neoproterozoic in North and Midwestern Brazil, BP.DR
18/02645-2 - Chronostratigraphy and isotopic tracing of the Paleoproterozoic Minas Supergroup, BP.PD

Abstract

The objective of the proposed work is to move forward our understanding of the evolutionary adaptations of early life to the increasing atmospheric oxygen concentration. Our aim is to characterize the evolving biosphere and the changing environments across the 2.45 to 2.32 Ga old Great Oxidation Event and the ~0.8 to 0.54 Ga old Neoproterozoic Oxidation Event. To achieve this goal, we will use available drill cores and obtain pristine drill cores of key sedimentary successions from Brazil and Uruguay and develop new means to image and analyze chemical (major and trace elements) and isotope proxies (S, C, N, Fe, Mo, Cr) on the same samples at multiple scales (from the microfossil-scale to the sedimentary basin level) and degree of thermal overprint (from lower greenschist to amphibolite facies metamorphic conditions). The strong focus on linking multiple scales of observations, sedimentary and metamorphic history, and the use of state-of-the-art imaging and isotopic techniques makes the proposed work the first of its kind - and guarantees new insights into the history of life and oxygen on early Earth. This proposal will build upon previous and ongoing expertise of the applicants, who have been developing similar type of study in Australia during the last decade. Hence, this proposal represents a unique opportunity for Late Archean and Proterozoic paleoenvironmental and bio-geochemical reconstructions between South America and Australia. It will also be a large step forward in establishing leadership in imaging at hierarchical length-scales and analysis of bio-geochemical proxies in ancient settings. (AU)

Scientific publications (13)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CAQUINEAU, TOM; PAQUETTE, JEAN-LOUIS; GANNOUN, ABDELMOUHCINE; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL. Lu-Hf systematics of 4.0-2.3 Ga old zircons from the Turee Creek Group (Pilbara Craton, W. Australia): Implications on the rise of atmospheric oxygen and global glaciation during the Paleoproterozoic. Precambrian Research, v. 348, SEP 15 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
ROSSIGNOL, CAMILLE; ALKMIM, FERNANDO. Geodynamic evolution of the Minas Basin, southern Sao Francisco Craton (Brazil), during the early Paleoproterozoic: Climate or tectonic?. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 101, AUG 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MARIN-CARBONNE, JOHANNA; BUSIGNY, VINCENT; MIOT, JENNYFER; ROLLION-BARD, CLAIRE; MULLER, ELODIE; DRABON, NADJA; JACOB, DAMIEN; PONT, SYLVAIN; ROBYR, MARTIN; BONTOGNALI, TOMASO R. R.; FRANCOIS, CAMILLE; REYNAUD, STEPHANIE; VAN ZUILEN, MARK; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL. In Situ Fe and S isotope analyses in pyrite from the 3.2 Ga Mendon Formation (Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa): Evidence for early microbial iron reduction. Geobiology, v. 18, n. 3 MAR 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
VILLENEUVE, MICHEL; ROSSIGNOL, CAMILLE; MARTINI, ROSSANA; CORNEE, JEAN-JACQUES; BOURQUIN, SYLVIE. New insights into the Triassic sedimentary environment of the eastern parts of the Song Da and Sam Nua basins alongside the Indosinian Song Ma suture, Northern Vietnam. JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES, v. 187, JAN 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
DUCASSOU, C.; MERCUZOT, M.; BOURQUIN, S.; ROSSIGNOL, C.; PELLENARD, P.; BECCALETTO, L.; POUJOL, M.; HALLOT, E.; PIERSON-WICKMANN, A. C.; HUE, C.; RAVIER, E. Sedimentology and U-Pb dating of Carboniferous to Permian continental series of the northern Massif Central (France): Local palaeogeographic evolution and larger scale correlations. PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, v. 533, NOV 1 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
KILLINGSWORTH, B. A.; SANSJOFRE, P.; PHILIPPOT, P.; CARTIGNY, P.; THOMAZO, C.; LALONDE, S. V. Constraining the rise of oxygen with oxygen isotopes. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v. 10, OCT 29 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CHENG, CHEN; BUSIGNY, VINCENT; ADER, MAGALI; THOMAZO, CHRISTOPHE; CHADUTEAU, CARINE; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL. Nitrogen isotope evidence for stepwise oxygenation of the ocean during the Great Oxidation Event. GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, v. 261, p. 224-247, SEP 15 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.
LEPOT, KEVIN; WILLIFORD, KENNETH H.; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL; THOMAZO, CHRISTOPHE; USHIKUBO, TAKAYUKI; KITAJIMA, KOUKI; MOSTEFAOUI, SMAIL; VALLEY, JOHN W. Extreme C-13-depletions and organic sulfur content argue for S-fueled anaerobic methane oxidation in 2.72 Ga old stromatolites. GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, v. 244, p. 522-547, JAN 1 2019. Web of Science Citations: 3.
WANG, XIANGLI; PLANAVSKY, NOAH J.; HOFMANN, AXEL; SAUPE, ERIN E.; DE CORTE, BRIAN P.; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL; LALONDE, STEFAN V.; JEMISON, NOAH E.; ZOU, HUIJUAN; OSSA, FRANTZ OSSA; RYBACKI, KYLE; ALFIMOVA, NADEZHDA; LARSON, MATTHEW J.; TSIKOS, HARILAOS; FRALICK, PHILIP W.; JOHNSON, THOMAS M.; KNUDSEN, ANDREW C.; REINHARD, CHRISTOPHER T.; KONHAUSER, KURT O. A Mesoarchean shift in uranium isotope systematics. GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, v. 238, p. 438-452, OCT 1 2018. Web of Science Citations: 9.
WARCHOLA, TYLER; LALONDE, V, STEFAN; PECOITS, ERNESTO; VON GUNTEN, KONSTANTIN; ROBBINS, LESLIE J.; ALESSI, DANIEL S.; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL; KONHAUSER, KURT O. Petrology and geochemistry of the Boolgeeda Iron Formation, Hamersley Basin, Western Australia. Precambrian Research, v. 316, p. 155-173, OCT 2018. Web of Science Citations: 5.
BUSIGNY, VINCENT; CHEN, JIUBIN; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL; BORENSZTAJN, STEPHAN; MOYNIER, FREDERIC. Insight into hydrothermal and subduction processes from copper and nitrogen isotopes in oceanic metagabbros. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 498, p. 54-64, SEP 15 2018. Web of Science Citations: 3.
PHILIPPOT, PASCAL; AVILA, JANAINA N.; KILLINGSWORTH, BRYAN A.; TESSALINA, SVETLANA; BATON, FRANCK; CAQUINEAU, TOM; MULLER, ELODIE; PECOITS, ERNESTO; CARTIGNY, PIERRE; LALONDE, STEFAN V.; IRELAND, TREVOR R.; THOMAZO, CHRISTOPHE; VAN KRANENDONK, MARTIN J.; BUSIGNY, VINCENT. Globally asynchronous sulphur isotope signals require re-definition of the Great Oxidation Event. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v. 9, JUN 8 2018. Web of Science Citations: 17.
CAQUINEAU, TOM; PAQUETTE, JEAN-LOUIS; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL. U-Pb detrital zircon geochronology of the Turee Creek Group, Hamersley Basin, Western Australia: Timing and correlation of the Paleoproterozoic glaciations. Precambrian Research, v. 307, p. 34-50, APR 2018. Web of Science Citations: 7.

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