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The co-evolution of life and oxygen on early Earth: a South American perspective


The objective of the proposed work is to move forward our understanding of the evolutionary adaptations of early life to the increasing atmospheric oxygen concentration. Our aim is to characterize the evolving biosphere and the changing environments across the 2.45 to 2.32 Ga old Great Oxidation Event and the ~0.8 to 0.54 Ga old Neoproterozoic Oxidation Event. To achieve this goal, we will use available drill cores and obtain pristine drill cores of key sedimentary successions from Brazil and Uruguay and develop new means to image and analyze chemical (major and trace elements) and isotope proxies (S, C, N, Fe, Mo, Cr) on the same samples at multiple scales (from the microfossil-scale to the sedimentary basin level) and degree of thermal overprint (from lower greenschist to amphibolite facies metamorphic conditions). The strong focus on linking multiple scales of observations, sedimentary and metamorphic history, and the use of state-of-the-art imaging and isotopic techniques makes the proposed work the first of its kind - and guarantees new insights into the history of life and oxygen on early Earth. This proposal will build upon previous and ongoing expertise of the applicants, who have been developing similar type of study in Australia during the last decade. Hence, this proposal represents a unique opportunity for Late Archean and Proterozoic paleoenvironmental and bio-geochemical reconstructions between South America and Australia. It will also be a large step forward in establishing leadership in imaging at hierarchical length-scales and analysis of bio-geochemical proxies in ancient settings. (AU)

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Scientific publications (19)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SCHANNOR, MATHIAS; LANA, CRISTIANO; MAZOZ, ARIELA; NARDUZZI, FRANCESCO; CUTTS, KATHRYN; FONSECA, MARCO. Paleoproterozoic sources for Cordilleran-type Neoproterozoic granitoids from the Aracuai orogen (SE Brazil): Constraints from Hf isotope zircon composition. LITHOS, v. 378, . (15/16235-2, 18/14617-3, 19/17732-0)
MORAIS, L.; FREITAS, B. T.; FAIRCHILD, T. R.; TONIOLO, T. F.; CAMPOS, M. D. R.; PRADO, G. M. E. M.; SILVA, P. A. S.; RUDNITZKI, I. D.; LAHR, D. J. G.; LEME, J. M.; et al. Diverse vase-shaped microfossils within a Cryogenian glacial setting in the Urucum Formation (Brazil). Precambrian Research, v. 367, . (15/16235-2, 16/06114-6, 16/05937-9, 17/22099-0)
ROSSIGNOL, CAMILLE; REGO, ERIC SICILIANO; NARDUZZI, FRANCESCO; TEIXEIRA, LIVIA; AVILA, JANAINA N.; SILVA, MARCO A. L.; LANA, CRISTIANO; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL. Stratigraphy and geochronological constraints of the Serra Sul Formation (Carajas Basin, Amazonian Craton, Brazil). Precambrian Research, v. 351, . (19/16066-7, 19/17732-0, 18/14617-3, 19/12132-5, 18/02645-2, 15/16235-2, 18/05892-0)
CAQUINEAU, TOM; PAQUETTE, JEAN-LOUIS; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL. U-Pb detrital zircon geochronology of the Turee Creek Group, Hamersley Basin, Western Australia: Timing and correlation of the Paleoproterozoic glaciations. Precambrian Research, v. 307, p. 34-50, . (15/16235-2)
KILLINGSWORTH, B. A.; SANSJOFRE, P.; PHILIPPOT, P.; CARTIGNY, P.; THOMAZO, C.; LALONDE, S. V.. Constraining the rise of oxygen with oxygen isotopes. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v. 10, . (15/16235-2)
CHENG, CHEN; BUSIGNY, VINCENT; ADER, MAGALI; THOMAZO, CHRISTOPHE; CHADUTEAU, CARINE; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL. Nitrogen isotope evidence for stepwise oxygenation of the ocean during the Great Oxidation Event. GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, v. 261, p. 224-247, . (15/16235-2)
VILLENEUVE, MICHEL; ROSSIGNOL, CAMILLE; MARTINI, ROSSANA; CORNEE, JEAN-JACQUES; BOURQUIN, SYLVIE. New insights into the Triassic sedimentary environment of the eastern parts of the Song Da and Sam Nua basins alongside the Indosinian Song Ma suture, Northern Vietnam. JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES, v. 187, . (18/02645-2, 15/16235-2)
LEPOT, KEVIN; WILLIFORD, KENNETH H.; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL; THOMAZO, CHRISTOPHE; USHIKUBO, TAKAYUKI; KITAJIMA, KOUKI; MOSTEFAOUI, SMAIL; VALLEY, JOHN W.. Extreme C-13-depletions and organic sulfur content argue for S-fueled anaerobic methane oxidation in 2.72 Ga old stromatolites. GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, v. 244, p. 522-547, . (15/16235-2)
DUCASSOU, C.; MERCUZOT, M.; BOURQUIN, S.; ROSSIGNOL, C.; PELLENARD, P.; BECCALETTO, L.; POUJOL, M.; HALLOT, E.; PIERSON-WICKMANN, A. C.; HUE, C.; et al. Sedimentology and U-Pb dating of Carboniferous to Permian continental series of the northern Massif Central (France): Local palaeogeographic evolution and larger scale correlations. PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, v. 533, . (18/02645-2, 15/16235-2)
REGO, ERIC SICILIANO; BUSIGNY, VINCENT; LALONDE, STEFAN V.; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL; BOUYON, AMAURY; ROSSIGNOL, CAMILLE; BABINSKI, MARLY; DE CASSIA ZAPPAROLI, ADRIANA. Anoxygenic photosynthesis linked to Neoarchean iron formations in Carajas (Brazil). Geobiology, v. 19, n. 4, p. 326-341, . (18/02645-2, 19/16271-0, 15/16235-2)
NARDUZZI, FRANCESCO; BOSCH, DELPHINE; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL. Evolution of seawater continentally-sourced Nd isotopic composition prior to and during the Great Oxidation Event. Precambrian Research, v. 362, . (15/16235-2, 18/14617-3, 19/17732-0)
PHILIPPOT, PASCAL; AVILA, JANAINA N.; KILLINGSWORTH, BRYAN A.; TESSALINA, SVETLANA; BATON, FRANCK; CAQUINEAU, TOM; MULLER, ELODIE; PECOITS, ERNESTO; CARTIGNY, PIERRE; LALONDE, STEFAN V.; et al. Globally asynchronous sulphur isotope signals require re-definition of the Great Oxidation Event. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v. 9, . (15/16235-2)
WARCHOLA, TYLER; LALONDE, V, STEFAN; PECOITS, ERNESTO; VON GUNTEN, KONSTANTIN; ROBBINS, LESLIE J.; ALESSI, DANIEL S.; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL; KONHAUSER, KURT O.. Petrology and geochemistry of the Boolgeeda Iron Formation, Hamersley Basin, Western Australia. Precambrian Research, v. 316, p. 155-173, . (15/16235-2)
BUSIGNY, VINCENT; CHEN, JIUBIN; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL; BORENSZTAJN, STEPHAN; MOYNIER, FREDERIC. Insight into hydrothermal and subduction processes from copper and nitrogen isotopes in oceanic metagabbros. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 498, p. 54-64, . (15/16235-2)
DECRAENE, MARIE-NOELLE; MARIN-CARBONNE, JOHANNA; THOMAZO, CHRISTOPHE; OLIVIER, NICOLAS; PHILIPPOT, PASCAL; STRAUSS, HARALD; DELOULE, ETIENNE. Intense biogeochemical iron cycling revealed in Neoarchean micropyrites from stromatolites. GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, v. 312, p. 299-320, . (15/16235-2)
MARIN-CARBONNE, JOHANNA; BUSIGNY, VINCENT; MIOT, JENNYFER; ROLLION-BARD, CLAIRE; MULLER, ELODIE; DRABON, NADJA; JACOB, DAMIEN; PONT, SYLVAIN; ROBYR, MARTIN; BONTOGNALI, TOMASO R. R.; et al. In Situ Fe and S isotope analyses in pyrite from the 3.2 Ga Mendon Formation (Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa): Evidence for early microbial iron reduction. Geobiology, v. 18, n. 3, . (15/16235-2)
ROSSIGNOL, CAMILLE; ALKMIM, FERNANDO. Geodynamic evolution of the Minas Basin, southern Sao Francisco Craton (Brazil), during the early Paleoproterozoic: Climate or tectonic?. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 101, . (18/02645-2, 15/16235-2)

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