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Raman spectral post-processing for oral tissue discrimination - a step for an automatized diagnostic system

Abstract

Most oral injuries are diagnosed by histopathological analysis of a biopsy, which is an invasive procedure and does not give immediate results. On the other hand, Raman spectroscopy is a real time and minimally invasive analytical tool with potential for the diagnosis of diseases. The potential for diagnostics can be improved by data post processing. Hence, this study aims to evaluate the performance of preprocessing steps and multivariate analysis methods for the classification of normal tissues and pathological oral lesion spectra. A total of 80 spectra acquired from normal and abnormal tissues using optical fiber Raman-based spectroscopy (OFRS) were subjected to PCA preprocessing in the z-scored data set, and the KNN (K-nearest neighbors), J48 (unpruned C4.5 decision tree), RBF (radial basis function), RF (random forest), and MLP (multilayer perceptron) classifiers at WEKA software (Waikato environment for knowledge analysis), after are a normalization or maximum intensity normalization. Our results suggest the best classification was achieved by using maximum intensity normalization followed by MLP. Based on these results, software for automated analysis can be generated and validated using larger data sets. This would aid quick comprehension of spectroscopic data and easy diagnosis by medical practitioner in clinical settings. (AU)

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