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Richness and diversity of Hymenoptera and Isoptera along a latitudinal gradient in the Mata Atlântica - the eastern Brazilian rain forest

Grant number: 98/05083-0
Support type:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
Duration: February 01, 2000 - December 31, 2004
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology
Principal researcher:Carlos Roberto Ferreira Brandão
Grantee:Carlos Roberto Ferreira Brandão
Home Institution: Museu de Zoologia (MZ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Pesquisadores principais:
Angélica Maria Penteado Martins Dias ; Eliana Marques Cancello
Associated scholarship(s):03/09697-2 - Revision of Orthognathotermes holmgren (Isoptera, Termitidae, Termitinae), BP.MS
03/00738-8 - Revision of the Gasteruptiidae family (Hymenoptera: Evanioidea) in the neotropical region, BP.DR
03/01235-0 - Richness and diversity of Hymenoptera and Isoptera along a latitudinal gradient in the Mata Atlântica: the eastern Brazilian rain forest, BP.TT
+ associated scholarships 02/13009-1 - Study of the genus Cylindrotermes Holmgren (Isoptera, Termitidae, Termitinae), BP.IC
01/08060-5 - Study and identification of the Hymenoptera aculeata of the BIOTA Thematic Project "Richness and diversity of Hymenoptera and Isoptera along a latitudiunal gradient in the Atlantic Rainforest", BP.IC
01/07013-3 - Contribution to the study of the Ophioninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) of Brazil, BP.IC
01/03673-9 - Investigating the diversity of parasitic Hymenoptera in the tropics: the study of trophic web focused on leafminer insects, BP.PD
00/05704-6 - Biodiversity and phylogenetics of the Cryptinae neotropicais (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), BP.PD
00/09870-8 - Systematics of the species of the genus Ceroplastes Gray, 1828 (Hemiptera: Coccoidae: Coccidae) which occur in the State of São Paulo, Brazil and inventariation of their parasitoids, BP.DR
00/06802-1 - Study of neotropical Sphecidae and neotropical Crabronidae (Hymenoptera): diversity and characterization of the fauna of the Atlantic Rainforest, BP.PD
00/03160-9 - Comparasion of the Isoptera (Insecta) fauna in two areas of the Atlantic Rainforest in the Southeast of Bahia, BP.MS
99/06676-7 - Wealth of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in forest areas of South Brazil and structure of leaf litter ant guilds, BP.DR - associated scholarships


The project aims three basic objectives: to produce comparable inventories of Atlantic forest Hymenoptera and Isoptera, to use the new quantitative data to investigate the biogeographic division of the Atlantic forest, and to determine how hymenopteran and isopteran diversity patterns vary with latitude, considering the urgent need of biodiversity studies in the Atlantic forest, due to anthropic pressure, and that the Atlantic forest, with a south-north extension of 15-20° of latitude, is particularly suited to this type of investigation. Also, we consider that comparable data on hymenopteran and isopteran diversity and biotic similarity along the Atlantic forest latitudinal gradient are interesting and publishable. We intend moreover to improve the representation of the taxa to be studied in Brazilian collections. We took in consideration: 1. The preliminary analysis of the ant litter fauna survey in Boracéia (one of the localities we have chosen for the comparisons), which helped us to design the collecting protocol to be adopted in all localities. 2. the results of the recent workshop on the Conservation of the Atlantic Forest and Brazilian Southern Fields, organized by Conservation International, the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment and a consortium of related organizations (, which helped us to determine which localities shall be visited; and 3. Following a suggestion of a referee we have incorporated a collaborator familiar with ant sampling to the team, who has a strong background in designing faunistic surveys, in special using ants. We designed a scheme covering three main points: a sufficient number of localities to be compared in each subcenter, to increase the number of replicates within them; a more regular spacing of these localities, to be able to answer the gradient question; and localities along the Atlantic forest biome representing two main classes of altitudes, to answer the altitude versus biogeography/latitude as determinant of the species distributions. Also we have decided to concentrate all collecting in the evergreen dense forest subtype because we expect a richer fauna there in relation to other Atlantic forest subtypes, and because it is the most well preserved kind of forest. (AU)

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Scientific publications (12)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DOS SANTOS, EDUARDO FERNANDO; NOLL, FERNANDO BARBOSA; FERREIRA BRANDAO, CARLOS ROBERTO. Structural organization of the social paper wasp (Hymenoptera: Polistinae) assemblage along a latitudinal gradient in the Atlantic Rainforest: correlating fauna partitioning to biodiversity centers. Journal of Insect Conservation, v. 20, n. 4, p. 597-609, AUG 2016. Web of Science Citations: 1.
OLIVEIRA, DANILO E.; ROCHA, MAURICIO R.; CANCELLO, ELIANA M. Muelleritermes: A new termite genus with two species from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest (Isoptera: Termitidae: Nasutitermitinae). Zootaxa, v. 4012, n. 2, p. 258-270, SEP 3 2015. Web of Science Citations: 4.
CANCELLO, ELIANA M.; SILVA, ROGERIO R.; VASCONCELLOS, ALEXANDRE; REIS, YANA T.; OLIVEIRA, LUIS M. Latitudinal Variation in Termite Species Richness and Abundance along the Brazilian Atlantic Forest Hotspot. Biotropica, v. 46, n. 4, p. 441-450, JUL 2014. Web of Science Citations: 21.
DOS SANTOS, E. F.; NOLL, F. B.; BRANDAO, C. R. F. Functional and Taxonomic Diversity of Stinging Wasps in Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest Areas. Neotropical Entomology, v. 43, n. 2, p. 97-105, APR 2014. Web of Science Citations: 7.
SILVA, ROGERIO R.; BRANDAO, CARLOS ROBERTO F. Morphological patterns and community organization in leaf-litter ant assemblages. ECOLOGICAL MONOGRAPHS, v. 80, n. 1, p. 107-124, 2010. Web of Science Citations: 70.
TATHIANA VIANA DE ANDRADE; MARCELO TEIXEIRA TAVARES. Revisão de Ceyxia Girault, stat. rev. (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae, Brachymeriini). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, v. 53, n. 4, p. 511-548, Dez. 2009.
LUCYANE M. DOS SANTOS; CELSO O. AZEVEDO. Taxonomia de Anisepyris Kieffer (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) da Mata Atlântica Brasileira. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, v. 52, n. 3, p. 328-339, Set. 2008.
ELIANA M. CANCELLO; CAROLINA CUEZZO. A new species of Ereymatermes Constantino (Isoptera, Termitidae, Nasutitermitinae) from the northeastern Atlantic Forest, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo), v. 47, n. 23, p. 283-288, 2007.
MARCELO TEIXEIRA TAVARES; BRUNO CANCIAN DE ARAUJO. Espécies de Chalcididae (Hymenoptera, Insecta) do Estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Biota Neotropica, v. 7, n. 2, p. 213-220, 2007.
REDIGHIERI, ELIZANDRA S.; AZEVEDO, CELSO O. Fauna de Dissomphalus Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) da Mata Atlântica Brasileira, com descrição de 23 espécies novas. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, v. 50, n. 3, p. 297-334, July 2006.
MICHELLE S. CORRÊA; CELSO O. AZEVEDO. O gênero Apenesia (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) na Mata Atlântica: notas e descrição de sete espécies novas. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, v. 50, n. 4, p. 439-449, Dez. 2006.
WESLEY L. ROSMANN; CELSO O. AZEVEDO. Dez espécies novas e notas sobre Rhabdepyris Kieffer (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) da Mata Atlântica. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, v. 49, n. 3, p. 397-408, Set. 2005.

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