This work contemplates the theory and practice of the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century English music. Its main objective is to provide a commented translation of the first part of "The Plaine and Easie Introduction to Practicall Musicke" (1597) by Thomas Morley supported by explanatory notes and criticisms dealing with problems related to terminology and reflections on historical matters. The choice of Morleys treatise for this research is due to its comprehensive teaching of the main definitions of music theory at that time. It is in the first part that all the melodic and rhythmic elements necessary for the reading of a musical score are presented, namely Scale of Music (Gammaut), Cliefes, Keyes, Properties, Mutation, Tactus, note values, rests, ligatures, pricks, Great Moode, Lesser Moode, Time, Prolation, Proportions among others. Therefore, the translation of this important work into Portuguese should be very useful for musicians and publishers, as it will allow transcriptions and critical readings of modern editions and reading in facsimile. Moreover, it should also be essential for the study of English music of that period, as the English musical practice differs in some respects from that taught in the European continent.
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