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Forms of dominium and power relations in the Atlantic (1493-1615).

Grant number: 11/13769-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2011
Effective date (End): February 29, 2012
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - Modern and Contemporary History
Principal researcher:Rafael de Bivar Marquese
Grantee:Rodrigo Faustinoni Bonciani
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This project aims to develop, enhance and publish the results of research obtained during my Ph.D. study, performed under the guidance of Ph.D. Prof. Carlos Alberto Zeron at the Department of History of Universidade de São Paulo, and research internships at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa (Portugal) and the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Madrid/Spain). During the Masters, the project was financed by CAPES, and had scholarships of Instituto Camões/Cátedra Jaime Cortesão and Fundación Carolina that made possible the work in archives in Portugal and Spain. During the Ph.D., the researcher was supported by FAPESP. The original contribution of this study was to demonstrate the centrality of the forms of dominium over Indians and Africans to the configuration of power relations and the development of a new idea of sovereignty in the Iberian Atlantic world. Such process began in the transition from the XV century to the XVI, was consolidated with the Iberian Union and was in crisis in mid-1610. This project aims to enhance this research through the study of: (1) the appropriation of ancient and medieval sources by the political and legal Iberian thought in the context of conquest and colonization of the Americas and West Central Africa; (2) political and administrative bodies, created during the reigns of Philip II and Philip III, responsible for an Indian policy and the African slave asientos; and (3) the process of reconfiguration of the African powers resulting from the expansion of the African slave trade - in the reign of Mvemba a Nzinga (D. Afonso I), king of the Congo, between the 1510th and 1540th, and in the context of weakening the power of the Ngola a Kiluanje in the first decades of 1600.

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