The objective of this project is to propose a research on the distinct forms of ruralities in sugar cane areas. The city of Piracicaba/SP has its social and economic trajectory marked by the presence of the sugar cane activity and by the social figure of the small suppliers of cane since the end of century XVIII. However, from the decade of 1970, the small suppliers came passing for difficulties and were leaving to produce sugar cane destining its lands to the leases. As result of this process, hypotheses were alerting on the population emptying of the rural area. However, from the statistical data of 2011 and of the qualitative empirical research of preliminary character, it was perceived that the agricultural quarters in Piracicaba had been changedded, drawing a diverse social scene that it deserves to be investigated. Who they are and since the residents of these districts live? What the most representative transformations are? Which peculiarities observed in the form of his sociability? The symbolic importance of the land, the understanding of the agricultural space as a space of life and sociability, the perpetuation of habitus peasant, the predominance of urban workers, are subjects that permeate this reflection. In this way, a quantitative inquiry will be carried out on the data spread by the IBGE and an empirical qualitative inquiry in rural districts of the local authority of Piracicaba - Santana\Santa Olimpia and Anhumas - whose population relevance and the bond with the past healthy peasant expressive. In the empirical inquiry there will be used the oral history, the observation and the photography. It is believed that from this investigation it will be possible to bring sceneries and characters who remain invisible, contributing to the discussion on the different forms of ruralities in contemporary Brazil.
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