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H-Sorption properties of MgH2-based nanocomposites prepared by cold forging

Grant number: 12/05245-9
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2012
Effective date (End): October 31, 2012
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Materials and Metallurgical Engineering - Physical Metallurgy
Principal Investigator:Tomaz Toshimi Ishikawa
Grantee:Gustavo Henrique Cozentino
Supervisor abroad: Jacques Huot
Home Institution: Centro de Ciências Exatas e de Tecnologia (CCET). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (UQTR), Canada  
Associated to the scholarship:11/21222-6 - MgH2 based nanocomposites prepared by cold forging, BP.IC

Abstract

The magnesium hydride stands out as a means of store hydrogen in solid form because it has low cost and at the same time, high volumetric energy density (1.5 to 1.6 kWh/l). However, the technological application of this material has been frustrated by the need for high temperatures of hydrogen absorption and desorption and the slow kinetics with which these processes occur. Alloys and composites based on nanocrystalline Mg appear as promising alternative to overcome these problems. In this project, we propose the evaluation of hydrogen storage Properties of MgH2-based nanocomposites containing Fe or Nb additions, innovative routes prepared by Cold Forging (CF) and a combination of CF and milling high energy (HEBM, High-energy Ball Milling), held for short times. The samples have a low specific surface area, and therefore higher resistance to air, but with finer microstructure. The samples have a low specific surface area, and therefore higher resistance to air, but with finer microstructure. Combining the results of its storage properties (to be obtained in IRH-UQTR), with the results obtained by different techniques of structural characterization, and X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission (which are obtained in DEMa-UFSCar), allow a full assessment of the effects of processing and properties of different compositions in storage reached. Thus will be established correlations between structure, processing and properties of materials obtained in order for hydrogen storage applications. (AU)