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Epoxy resin toughening for aplication in structural composites

Grant number: 12/13431-7
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2012
Effective date (End): April 30, 2013
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Aerospace Engineering
Principal Investigator:Maria Odila Hilário Cioffi
Grantee:Thatiane Brocks
Supervisor: Veronica Ambrogi
Host Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia (FEG). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Guaratinguetá. Guaratinguetá , SP, Brazil
Research place: Università degli Studi di Napoli Frederico II (UNINA), Italy  
Associated to the scholarship:11/11311-1 - Structural composites fatigue life prediction based on dynamic mechanical analysis, BP.DR


There are two main features responsible for the aeronautical industry interest in structural composites. The first is the possibility of integrating various structural components, reducing the number of rivets and the total number of aircraft parts. The second is the possibility of positioning the reinforcement, typically carbon fibers, in direction of greatest stress. These features allow designing larger and more comfortable cabins, reducing fuel use by decreasing of the engines power. Since the aircraft's weight was reduced, the power needed to propel it will also be lower.One of the main reasons for the aviation industry distrust in implement composites in structural functions is in its complex and poorly studied fatigue behavior, which raises doubts about the best time to replace the component, the security that it offers, as well as the mode failure, which varies with the type of fabric used in the component manufacture and type of processing.The delamination has been another constant barrier to the application of composites as structural material. Despite having high mechanical strength and fatigue, delamination may occur before the component reaches 10 ³ cycles, reducing the reliability of the aviation industry in this material. It is known that the delamination may be attributed to factors such as poor interfacial adhesion and low toughness of polymer matrices.The purpose of this study is to promote the toughening of Cycom 890 RTM epoxy resin through the addition of hyper-branched polyester chain as thoughening agent. Thus we intend to increase the capacity of the polymer to release energy through relaxation of the polymer chains avoiding premature rupture when this act as matrix in structural composites. The modified polymer will be evaluated by dynamic mechanical analysis and fracture toughness.With this will be possible, in the future, propose a modification in epoxy resins used for produce structural composites by RTM for aircraft industry by the Fatigue and Aeronautic Materials Research Group. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MONTICELI, FRANCISCO MACIEL. A fatigue life estimative method based on dynamic mechanical and fatigue analyses. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FATIGUE, v. 138, . (06/02121-6, 17/10606-4, 12/13431-7, 11/11311-1)
BROCKS, THATIANE; ASCIONE, LAURA; AMBROGI, VERONICA; CIOFFI, MARIA O. H.; PERSICO, PAOLA. Efficiency comparison of hyperbranched polymers as toughening agents for a one-part epoxy resin. Journal of Materials Research, v. 30, n. 6, p. 869-878, . (11/11311-1, 12/13431-7)

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