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Evaluation of cellular effects of deep brain stimulation of the anterior nucleus of the thalamus in experimental models of temporal lobe epilepsy

Grant number: 12/10764-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2012
Effective date (End): April 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Physiology
Principal researcher:Luciene Covolan
Grantee:Beatriz Oliveira Amorim
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:11/50680-2 - Multimodal investigation of epileptogenesis with emphasis in the implementation of new animal models and new tools, AP.TEM

Abstract

Epilepsy is considered one of the most common neurological disorders. The most frequent is temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). In clinical practice deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been used as an alternative treatment for the population of patients with epilepsy who are refractory to pharmacologic treatment. Because the anterior thalamic nucleus (NA) occupies a central position in the limbic circuitry, it has been one of the most used targets to seizures control. In previous studies, our group have demonstrated that animals treated with a current of 500 microA reduced the latency to the development of seizures after systemic administration of pilocarpine. Despite the good performance of deep brain stimulation in clinical studies and in experimental models, the cellular actions of DBS remain largely unknown. To investigate the cellular mechanisms underlying DBS in the anterior nucleus of the thalamus in the model of temporal lobe epilepsy pilocarpine-induced we propose a study to elucidate some of the questions about the effect of stimulation at different times after SE induction. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
AMORIM, BEATRIZ OLIVEIRA; HAMANI, CLEMENT; FERREIRA, ELENN; MIRANDA, MAISA FERREIRA; FERNANDES, MARIA JOSE S.; RODRIGUES, ANTONIO M.; DE ALMEIDA, ANTONIO-CARLOS G.; COVOLAN, LUCIENE. Effects of A1 receptor agonist/antagonist on spontaneous seizures in pilocarpine-induced epileptic rats. Epilepsy & Behavior, v. 61, p. 168-173, . (11/50680-2, 12/10764-5, 12/50950-2)
AMORIM, BEATRIZ O.; COVOLAN, LUCIENE; FERREIRA, ELENN; BRITO, JOSE GERALDO; NUNES, DIEGO P.; DE MORAIS, DAVID G.; NOBREGA, JOSE N.; RODRIGUES, ANTONIO M.; DEALMEIDA, ANTONIO CARLOS G.; HAMANI, CLEMENT. Deep brain stimulation induces antiapoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects in epileptic rats. JOURNAL OF NEUROINFLAMMATION, v. 12, . (11/50680-2, 12/10764-5, 12/50950-2)

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