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Tolerogenic efficacy of the association MOG/vitamin d analog or MOG/rapamycin on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

Grant number: 13/01604-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2013
Effective date (End): March 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Immunology
Principal Investigator:Alexandrina Sartori
Grantee:Sofia Fernanda Gonçalves Zorzella Pezavento
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IBB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive inflammatory disease that damages the central nervous system (CNS). The currently available therapies for MS are primarily focused in minimizing the progression of disability and reducing the number of relapses, therefore new prophylactic and therapeutic strategies for MS are necessary. In this context, the present study was designed to determine if a vitamin D analog or rapamycin could be used as tolerogenic adjuvants on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) development. Initially, the possible toxicity of these two drugs will be tested by determination of body weight, leukogram, calcium and phosphorus seric concentrations and histopathological analysis of kidney and liver. To evaluate the tolerogenic potential of these two drugs, female C57BL/6 mice will be epicutaneously immunized with MOG (myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein) in their presence. The most efficient tolerogenic strategy will be then tested considering its therapeutic potential on EAE development. In chronic EAE stage, mice will be euthanized and immune response (cytokine and antibody production) and inflammatory infiltrates in the CNS will be assessed. Lastly, the immunological mechanisms involved in tolerance induction will be evaluated through dendritic and regulatory T (Treg) cells phenotype characterization in lymphoid organs and in the CNS. Besides, cytokine profile will be characterized in the CNS. Our hypothesis is that immunization with a SNC antigen delivered by an epicutaneous route in the presence of these two drugs will induce specific tolerance. Tolerogenic dendritic cells and/or Treg cells are expected to be associated with tolerance elicitation. We suppose that this tolerance will be able to protect mice from EAE development.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
GONCALVES ZORZELLA-PEZAVENTO, SOFIA FERNANDA; NISHIYAMA MIMURA, LUIZA AYUMI; CAMPOS FRAGA-SILVA, THAIS FERNANDA; WATANABE ISHIKAWA, LARISSA LUMI; DONEGA FRANCA, THAIS GRAZIELA; SARTORI, ALEXANDRINA. Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis Is Successfully Controlled by Epicutaneous Administration of MOG Plus Vitamin D Analog. FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY, v. 8, OCT 16 2017. Web of Science Citations: 1.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.