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KINETIC INSTABILITIES DURING THE ELECTRO-OXIDATION OF SULFUR-CONTAINING COMPOUNDS ON GOLD

Grant number: 13/00216-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2013
Effective date (End): August 31, 2014
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Chemistry - Physical-Chemistry
Principal researcher:Hamilton Brandão Varela de Albuquerque
Grantee:Murilo Feitosa Cabral
Home Institution: Instituto de Química de São Carlos (IQSC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

In this project, it will be studied the current and potential oscillations that occur during the electro-oxidation of the sulfur-containing compounds on gold electrodes. Sulfur is an element that shows many different oxidation states and some chemical instabilities phenomena can be observed. The interpretation of these phenomena on kinetics instabilities during the electro-oxidation of some sulfur-containing compounds, such as Na2S and thiourea on platinum electrodes, have showed that such systems could oscillate under galvanostatic and potentiostatic control. On the other hand, given the known strong interaction between sulfur atoms and gold surfaces, cf. self-assembled monolayers of alkanethiols, it is astonishing the absence of studies on the kinetics instabilities related to the electro-oxidation of sulfur-containing compounds on gold. In this way, the present project aims to study the electro-oxidation of sulfur-containing compounds (as thiocyanate) on gold surfaces, looking for a better understanding on the mechanism related to the kinetic instabilities. The study will be carried out by means of classic electrochemical techniques, electrochemical quartz crystal nanobalance and UV-Vis in situ. Based on preliminary experiments, it has been observed rich dynamics related to the system sulfur-gold electrode, mainly when those observed are compared to the electro-oxidation of small organic molecules on platinum electrodes. Therefore, it is believed that the development of the project will be able to open interesting perspectives in the complex chemical kinetic field on the electrified solid-liquid interface.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BI, WENYAN; HE, YUXIU; CABRAL, MURILO F.; VARELA, HAMILTON; YANG, JIAPING; JIANG, RONGLI; GAO, QINGYU. Oscillatory electro-oxidation of thiosulfate on gold. Electrochimica Acta, v. 133, p. 308-315, JUL 1 2014. Web of Science Citations: 14.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.