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Green house gas emissions as affected by soil management and acidity amelioration

Grant number: 12/09550-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2013
Effective date (End): December 26, 2015
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy - Soil Science
Principal Investigator:Ciro Antonio Rosolem
Grantee:Moniki Campos Janegitz
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas (FCA). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Liming is fundamental in soil remediation and to increase yield, but it results in increased greenhouse gas emissions, mainly CO2. There are indications that the use of silicate or lime plus gypsum could be effective in improving the balance of soil carbon compared to the sole use of lime. The objective of this work is to study the emissions of greenhouse gases,, and possible changes in carbon storage in the soil profile, as affected by soil acidity amelioration using silicate, lime and gypsum, under no tillage and conventional systems. The study will be carried out, soybean grown during the summer, followed by relay crops of corn + brachiaria, from 2012 to 2015, in Botucatu, São Paulo state, Brazil. The treatments are: control, lime, silicate, gypsum +lime and gypsum+silicate. The soil of both areas will be collected in depths of 0-10, 10-20, 20-40 e 40-60 cm, before treatment application and before soybean planting, to determine the fertility, carbon and organic matter fractionation. The straw on the soil will be evaluated periodically to determine dry matter and carbon contents. Foliar diagnoses will be done in all crops, and root mass, grain production and carbon content in the grains and roots, will be analyzed. The soil CO2, N2O and CH4 fluxes , will be determined after treatment application in 2012 and repeated in 2013 e 2014, after soybean planting and in March after brachiaria and corn planting. At the end of the experiment the carbon balance in the system will be determined.

Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
JANEGITZ, Moniki Campos. Emissão de gases de efeito estufa e estoque de carbono no solo em função do manejo e correção de acidez. 2016. 113 f. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas (Campus de Botucatu)..

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