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Oceanic Inter-hemispheric Exchanges: Tropic-Extratropic Conecctions in the South Atlantic - Analyses of Observations and Numerical Results

Grant number: 13/08572-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2013
Effective date (End): June 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Oceanography - Physical Oceanography
Principal researcher:Edmo José Dias Campos
Grantee:Paola Maria Castellano Ossa Fernandes
Home Institution: Instituto Oceanográfico (IO). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:11/50552-4 - Impact of the Southern Atlantic on the global overturning circulation (MOC) and climate (SAMOC), AP.PFPMCG.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):15/11366-1 - The role of the South Atlantic in the distribution of heat and mass balance in the global circulation: hiatus of climate change?, BE.EP.PD


The main objective of the South Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (SAMOC) project (supported by FAPESP, Proc. 2011/50552-4) is to study the variability of the Meridional Overturning Circulation in the South Atlantic. One specific goal is to develop a numerical study of the Atlantic circulation with an ocean model forced with NCEP/NCAR reanalysis products. At present, two simulation have been completed as part of the CALSA project, also support by FAPESP (Proc. 2010/01943-8). The first simulation has horizontal resolution of 1/4 degree and 22 isopycnal layers, corresponding to the region: 98ºW-114ºE and 65ºS and 60ºN. The second one, with horizontal resolution of 1/12 degree and 22 layers, is a nested run in the region 65ºW-40ºE, 55ºS-20ºN, using the results of the lower resolution run as initial and boundary conditions. In agreement with recent studies, the numerical results show changes in the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans "super-gyre" with an increase of the intrusion of warmer and saltier waters from the Indian ocean into the Atlantic, carried by Agulhas Rings: the Agulhas "leakage". The numerical results also show variations in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) and the meridional heat flux. In her work, the post-doc fellow will explore the impact of the increased Agulhas leakage on the circulation of the Tropical Atlantic and on the inter-hemispheric exchange of heat and mass. The study will be based on the analyses of the two numerical output and observational data including satellite products, and in situ data from Argo, PIRATA, ATLAS-B and the SAMOC projects.

Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SANTIS, WLADEMIR; CASTELLANOS, PAOLA; CAMPOS, EDMO. Memory Effect of the Southern Atlantic Subtropical Dipole. Journal of Climate, v. 33, n. 17, p. 7679-7696, SEP 1 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CASTELLANOS, P.; CAMPOS, E. J. D.; PIERA, J.; SATO, O. T.; SILVA DIAS, M. A. F. Impacts of Agulhas Leakage on the Tropical Atlantic Western Boundary Systems. Journal of Climate, v. 30, n. 17, p. 6645-6659, SEP 2017. Web of Science Citations: 5.
CASTELLANOS, P.; CAMPOS, E. J. D.; GIDDY, I.; SANTIS, W. Inter-comparison studies between high-resolution HYCOM simulation and observational data: The South Atlantic and the Agulhas leakage system. JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS, v. 159, p. 76-88, JUL 2016. Web of Science Citations: 5.
CASTELLANOS, PAOLA; PELEGRI, JOSEP L.; CAMPOS, EDMO J. D.; ROSELL-FIESCHI, MIQUEL; GASSER, MARC. Response of the surface tropical Atlantic Ocean to wind forcing. PROGRESS IN OCEANOGRAPHY, v. 134, p. 271-292, MAY 2015. Web of Science Citations: 2.

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