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Standardization and implementation of the technique of polymerase chain reaction in monitoring of early betaherpesvírus reactivation and preemptive therapy in transplant patients of hematopoietic progenitor cells

Grant number: 12/21851-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2013
Effective date (End): June 30, 2014
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine - Pathological Anatomy and Clinical Pathology
Principal Investigator:Sandra Helena Alves Bonon
Grantee:Renato Souza de Oliveira
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Médicas (FCM). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The human herpesviruses are major causes of infections in transplant patients and in immunocompromised patients in general. Among these complications are problems such as interstitial pneumonia, gastritis and encephalitis. Recent studies have found high levels of HHV-6 associated with increased mortality and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grades II-III and acute skin GVHD grades III and IV associated with CMV disease in transplant of hematopoietic progenitor cells. Currently, molecular methods for detection and quantification of infectious agents are being deployed in routine to minimize the consequences and avoid possible clinical manifestations of these herpesviruses, providing early treatment with appropriate antiviral therapy (preemptive). The Polymerase Chain Reaction Real-time is one of the options to be used in the monitoring of transplant patients. An advantage of this technique is the possibility of using the plasma neutropenic patients where this was often impossible to undertake the techniques of antigenemia in whole blood and as no diagnostic kits commercially available for this purpose, it is necessary to develop these techniques "in house". Thus, the main objective of the study is to standardize and deploy the technique of real-time PCR, "in house" using Taqman technology and design of primers will be held from conserved viral regions and specific in the detection and quantification of DNA studied betaherpesvírus (HCMV HHV-6 and HHV-7). Will be held as well, the analysis of the clinical and laboratory results obtained in relation to mortality, reactivation of CMV and the occurrence of GVHD among other variables. Are obtained weekly plasma samples from 60 patients transplanted from the day of transplantation until 100 days after transplant. It will be performed nested PCR technique qualitative and HCMV antigenemia and at the same time, the Q-PCR technique is developed and used to detect and quantify the viral load of these samples. In these respects, after the project ended, we routinely use these techniques, which will assist in the care of patients with these viruses

Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
OLIVEIRA, Renato Souza de. Optimization and use of real time PCR (qPCR) in the detection and quantification of active infection caused by betaherpesvirus in plasma sample from hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patiens. 2015. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Ciências Médicas.

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