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Structural characterization of aqueous dispersions of anionic lipids

Grant number: 13/14296-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2013
Effective date (End): August 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Physics - Condensed Matter Physics
Principal researcher:Maria Teresa Moura Lamy
Grantee:Daniela Akiko Nomura
Home Institution: Instituto de Física (IF). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):15/14695-6 - SAXS on the structural characterization of DMPG aqueous dispersions, BE.EP.DD


This project is part of a comprehensive study about anionic lipid dispersions developed by the Biophysical Group of the IFUSP, in collaboration with several other groups, involving theoretical models and experiments. The aim of the project is the structural study of the anionic lipid dimyristoyl phosphatidylglycerol (DMPG) in in media of different ionic strengths, using different experimental techniques. There are several studies for DMPG at low ionic strength, but in the presence of buffer (ionic strength ~ 10 mM). However, a few studies suggest a very peculiar structure for DMPG aggregates in pure water. We intend to study these dispersions, and compare them with dispersions in buffer at low ionic strength. Hence, with DMPG dispersed in pure water the electrostatic repulsion between polar headgroups will be enhanced, as they will not be shielded by ions in solution, and it will be possible to study the relevance of that interaction in the structure of DMPG aggregates. For a better understanding of the interactions between the polar surface of the bilayer and hydrocarbon tails, we intend to study mixed lipid dispersions of DMPG with neutral lipids, and other anionic lipids, but with larger hydrocarbon chains, such as DPPG (dipalmitoyl phosphatidylglycerol). Static and dynamic light scattering will be used to monitor the dimensions and form of the aggregates, and their interactions. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) should detect possible phase transitions, and with Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) and the Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) of spin labels incorporated into the aggregates it will be possible to get information about the molecular structure of the lipid aggregate. (AU)

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Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
NOMURA, Daniela Akiko. Structural characterization of aqueous dispersions of anionic lipids. 2018. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Física (IF/SBI) São Paulo.

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