Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand

The anthropology of Rousseau

Grant number: 13/16441-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2013
Effective date (End): July 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Philosophy - Ethics
Principal Investigator:Maria das Graças de Souza
Grantee:Mauro Dela Bandera Arco Junior
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):15/00556-4 - The anthropology of Rousseau, BE.EP.DR

Abstract

The initial reason of our proposition is to make an analysis on a philosophical gesture accomplished on the XVIII century, and specially present in the oeuvre of Jean-Jacques Rousseau: the gesture by which, to explain the origin and the functioning of the understanding and of the passions in the individual, he resorts to a first origin of culture. In his work, Rousseau places the central problem of anthropology, that is to say, the passage between nature to culture. By doing this, he openly resorts to the condillacian theory, without which he wouldn't be able to elaborate his man of nature idea. Apart from all the political theorists' influence, Rousseau adopts a position closer to Condillac, according to which the spirit's operations show up in a progressive order. Therefore, we aim to identify and acknowledge some of the links between Rousseau's and Condillac's thoughts, to point the existing limits and differences between this two authors, in order to better understand this philosophical gesture made by Jean-Jacques.