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Musical decorum and galant schemata: a case study on the Requiem Masses from José Maurício Nunes Garcia and Marcos Portugal

Grant number: 13/15151-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2013
Effective date (End): November 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Arts - Music
Principal Investigator:Diósnio Machado Neto
Grantee:Mitia Ganade D´Acol
Home Institution: Escola de Comunicações e Artes (ECA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):14/21081-1 - Galant style and musical decorum in eighteenth-century Portuguese and Brazilian music, BE.EP.MS

Abstract

It exists in Luso-Brazilian musicology a thesis that the liturgical music composed for religious celebrations in Brazilian and Portuguese churches presents a great interpenetration of theatrical and ecclesiastical styles. This fact is interpreted not only as a need for symbolic display of monarchical power, but also as a "musical backwardness" of the Luso-Brazilian composers, for not being more decorous in writing sacred music. Thus, the question of decorum has been revisited by recent research, which denies the existence of a "lack" of musical decorum in the Luso-Brazilian liturgical settings, and sees the problem as a misinterpretation of the cultural context in which this music is inserted. The aim of this study is to discuss the Lusophone musical decorum from the study of eighteenth-century treatises dedicated to the investigation of the three musical styles (theater, chamber and church), and a case study of the solo parts in the Requiem Masses of José Maurício Nunes Garcia and Marcos Portugal. In this study, we use the theory of musical schema as a way of investigating the musical discourse, the communicative capacity of composers and consequently their decorum.