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Assessment of shallow landslide susceptibility using mathematical models: support on real-time hydrologic monitoring

Grant number: 14/10109-2
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2014
Effective date (End): November 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Physical Geography
Principal Investigator:Bianca Carvalho Vieira
Grantee:Bianca Carvalho Vieira
Host Investigator: David R. Montgomery
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of Washington, United States  

Abstract

Serra do Mar is a fault scarp with steep slopes that are often affected by shallow landslides triggered by extreme rainfall. Most of these events result in casualties, considering both economic and environmental damages. Although it is very important to follow these processes, predicting them is not an easy task due to the complexity of the factors that control the slopes stability. Thus, the main objectives of this research are to: (a) assess the shallow landslides susceptibility using mathematical models in three basins of the Caraguatatuba municipality; (b) identify critical levels of rainfall and the geotechnical parameters that have major influence on causing landslides; (c) identify priority areas for real time hydrological monitoring and (d) develop a proposal for real-time hydrologic monitoring. The material and methods to be applied in order to elaborate the susceptibility maps will be based on high resolution DTM and geotechnical values collected in situ and applied in the SHALSTAB and TRIGRS mathematical models. Inventories of landslides scars will be conducted (e.g. location, geometry, area) to verify the rate of success of these models. Then, considering the best scenarios we intend to indicate priority areas for real-time hydrologic monitoring. The main results will be: (a) landslide susceptibility maps considering the spatial variability and distribution of soil properties; (b) critical rainfall thresholds for triggering shallow landslides; (c) detailed proposal (acquisition, storage and transmission) for real-time hydrologic monitoring for Caraguatatuba municipality. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
VIEIRA, BIANCA CARVALHO; FERNANDES, NELSON FERREIRA; AUGUSTO FILHO, OSWALDO; MARTINS, TIAGO DAMAS; MONTGOMERY, DAVID R.. Assessing shallow landslide hazards using the TRIGRS and SHALSTAB models, Serra do Mar, Brazil. ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES, v. 77, n. 6, . (14/10109-2)
VILLACE GOMES, MARIA CAROLINA; VIEIRA, BIANCA CARVELHO. Saturated hydraulic conductivity of soils in a shallow landslide area in the Serra do Mar, Sao Paulo, Brazil. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GEOMORPHOLOGIE, v. 60, n. 1, p. 53-65, . (14/10109-2)
MARTINS, T. D.; OKA-FIORI, C.; VIEIRA, B. C.; MONTGOMERY, D. R.; AVERSA, S; CASCINI, L; PICARELLI, L; SCAVIA, C. Assessment of Lidar-derived DTMs for landslide susceptibility mapping: Application in the Brazilian subtropical forest. LANDSLIDES AND ENGINEERED SLOPES: EXPERIENCE, THEORY AND PRACTICE, VOLS 1-3, v. N/A, p. 4-pg., . (14/10109-2)

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