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Social housing and urbanization in São Paulo industrialization: theoretical and critical bases of the relationship between architecture and city in Brazil

Grant number: 14/06399-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2014
Effective date (End): November 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Fundamentals of Architecture and Urbanism
Principal researcher:Luiz Antonio Recaman Barros
Grantee:Larissa Casemiro Fiorin
Home Institution: Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The magnitude of the urban problems of the city of São Paulo comes to a stage unprecedented, as both historical economic as urban policies problems seem to have mitigated, revealing the difficulties in the realm of ideas and solutions for the city. In relations between the building and its surroundings, these stalemates are more evident as the massive public investments have not represented a qualitative change in different scales of the metropolis. Despite some important examples of housing solutions in "paulista" architecture indicating a more comprehensive proposal for urban space, there are no systematic studies that focus on this approach. The objective of this research is to identify the spatial patterns - understood as the relationship between architecture and city - in the publications of architecture and urbanismo from 1930 to 1964. In this sense, this research proposes: a) the identification and incorporation to the discipline of different theoretical and critical alternatives postulated in the period. b) the consolidation of the documents about discussions published in specialized journals for future research. It is believed that the results of these analyzes should contribute to the debate regarding alternatives and innovations of urban space in this time of great challenges to national development. These project is part of a broader research, coordinated by the teachers Luiz Recamán and Leandro Medrano (FAUUSP), dedicated to study all housing projects constructed in São Paulo between 1930 and 1964.

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