The debate on sexuality is increasingly ubiquitous, both academically and socially. Recently, we have observed in many countries, including Brazil, the issue of civil union (same-sex stable cohabitation) shifting into same-sex marriage. This indicates not only an opportunity, but also a need of discussing the matter. In 2013, the Projeto de Decreto Legislativo (Ordinance Draft) 234/2011, known as "gay cure" was approved by the Comissão de Direitos Humanos e Minorias ("Commission on Human Rights and Minorities") of the Câmara dos Deputados, Brazil's legislature at the national level. The Projeto de Decreto Legislativo was designed to invalidate two articles of a resolution of Brazil's Federal Council of Psychology. Psychoanalysis has played a major role in this debate. This research project aims to analyze the concept of homosexuality, taking Freud's ideas on the matter as a starting point. The road to be taken starts at the Freud's work, evolving until contemporary psychotherapists. This research will be carried out by analyzing the evolution of the concept of homosexuality in Freud's work and reviewing the literature on homosexuality. Its purpose is to examine developments and converging and diverging aspects among authors in order to elucidate our understanding of homosexuality in the light of psychoanalysis.
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