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Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 profile in peripheral artery disease progression

Grant number: 15/01759-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2015
Effective date (End): August 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Physiology
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Julio Cesar Batista Ferreira
Grantee:Márcio Augusto Campos Ribeiro
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):16/16539-4 - Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2, mitochondrial bioenergetics and peripheral artery disease: is there any causality?, BE.EP.MS

Abstract

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) affects over 10 million Americans, causing significant disability and death. Typically, PAD is due to atherosclerosis, with obstruction of the iliac, femoral, and/or infrapopliteal arteries. These patients are at high risk for death from heart attack or stroke because of disseminated atherosclerosis. Medical treatment of PAD is designed to reduce mortality and to relieve symptoms. However, new therapies are needed to relieve symptoms. Our approach to developing a novel therapy for PAD is based upon accumulating evidence that these patients have a profound mitochondriopathy, which is presumably caused by bouts of ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) induced by walking that leads to oxidative injury to the mitochondria in the ischemic muscle. Driven by this new paradigm, we have developed a novel therapeutic strategy to ameliorate the ongoing mitochondrial injury in PAD. Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase type 2 (ALDH2), a key-detoxifying enzyme, metabolizes both aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes that accumulate during oxidative stress. ALDH2 activity correlates with protection from myocardial injury by ischemia. We recently demonstrated that allosteric activation of ALDH2 by Alda-1 significantly reduces myocardial injury during ischemia-reperfusion. We hypothesize that ALDH2 activation will increase the removal of reactive aldehydes in the ischemic limb. We further hypothesize that ALDH2 activation will enhance skeletal muscle viability and function. Since reactive aldehydes such as 4-HNE damage the mitochondria, we propose that accelerated removal of 4-HNE and other toxic aldehydes will reduce the burden of carbonyl stress and reactive oxygen species (ROS), thus reducing tissue damage. Therefore, our goal is to understand the role of mitochondriopathy in PAD and translate our findings into meaningful therapy. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
UETA, CINTIA B.; GOMES, KATIA S.; RIBEIRO, MARCIO A.; MOCHLY-ROSEN, DANIA; FERREIRA, JULIO C. B. Disruption of mitochondrial quality control in peripheral artery disease: New therapeutic opportunities. PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH, v. 115, p. 96-106, JAN 2017. Web of Science Citations: 8.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
RIBEIRO, Márcio Augusto Campos. Role of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 during peripheral arterial disease progression.. 2017. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas São Paulo.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.