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Anatomical and dendrochronological analysis for edge effects identification on Aspidosperma polyneuron growth at the Estação Ecológica dos Caetetus

Grant number: 15/09329-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2015
Effective date (End): July 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Botany - Plant Morphology
Principal researcher:Gregório Cardoso Tápias Ceccantini
Grantee:Milena de Godoy Veiga
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The deforestation, and consequent forest fragmentation have been causing several impacts nowadays and their consequences are not entirely known yet. Fragmentation of ecosystems such as tropical forests can strongly influence biodiversity, ecosystem services, besides having great implications for atmospheric CO2 concentration. Understanding the nature of these changes caused by humanity requires long term analyses and reliable records. In this context, there are the tree rings, which can be one of these reliable data. The dendrochronology, along with its raising strength in the tropics, provides information about changes of the forest dynamics and climate. Aspidosperma polyneuron, or peroba-rosa, is a key species of many semideciduous forests and is endangered in some Brazilian states. Therefore, it is intended to check the species response to dendrochronological records, making it also valuable to studies concerning environmental impact assessment and climatic change. The present study aim to characterize anatomically the growth rings of Aspidosperma polyneuron through histological analysis, to construct a ring chronology by crossdating and by the application of softwares such as TSAP and COFECHA. Furthermore, growth rhythm of individuals from interior and edge of the forest fragment of the Estação Ecológica dos Caetetus will be compared to evaluate the edge effect caused by fragmentation and anthropic actions.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
GODOY-VEIGA, MILENA; CECCANTINI, GREGORIO; PITSCH, PHILIPP; KROTTENTHALER, STEFAN; ANHUF, DIETER; LOCOSSELLI, GIULIANO MASELLI. Shadows of the edge effects for tropical emergent trees: the impact of lianas on the growth of Aspidosperma polyneuron. TREES-STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION, v. 32, n. 4, p. 1073-1082, AUG 2018. Web of Science Citations: 4.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.