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Role of miRNAs in the regulation of lysosomal multienzyme complex expression

Grant number: 15/05381-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2015
Effective date (End): February 28, 2017
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Biochemistry - Molecular Biology
Principal researcher:Vânia D'Almeida
Grantee:Matheus Trovão de Queiroz
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is a genetic disorder in which there is a deficiency in alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA gene) enzyme expression, responsible for the lysosomal degradation of two glycosaminoglycans. Lysosomal disturbance caused by glycosaminoglycans accumulation triggers secondary effects among which gangliosides GM2, GM3 and GD3 storage on central nervous system (CNS), involved on neurodegenerative process observed in MPS I. Recent studies have showed the expression of genes responsible for gangliosides metabolism are found to be significantly reduced on MPS I mice cerebellum and hippocampus, especially Neu1 gene which encodes neuraminidase 1 enzyme. Together, neuraminidase 1, cathepsin A (Ctsa gene) and beta-galactosidase (Glb1 gene) enzymes belong to the lysosomal multienzyme complex (LMC), associated to some important functions like neuronal apoptosis. A preliminary study done by our group has showed that besides the reduction of Neu1 expression, there are alterations on three miRNAs levels from family miR-17 on MPS I mice, which only miR-20b-5p presents as predicted targets both Ctsa and Neu1 genes. Overexpression of miR-20b-5p and underexpression of miR-20b-3p on MPS I mice cerebellum are evidences of the importance of this pair in CNS physiopathology. Functional characterization of these miRNAs is an important step toward elucidation of the relationship between LMC and gangliosides storage. Therefore, our objective is to evaluate in vitro if neuraminidase 1 is regulated directly by miR-20b-5p and analyze the observed effects on gene and protein expression of LMC members in a high miR-20b-5p level context.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PEREIRA, VANESSA GONCALVES; QUEIROZ, MATHEUS TROVAO; D'ALMEIDA, VANIA. Differential expression of microRNAs from miR-17 family in the cerebellum of mucopolysaccharidosis type I mice. Gene, v. 595, n. 2, p. 207-211, DEC 31 2016. Web of Science Citations: 2.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.