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Babies' temperament and parental practices

Grant number: 15/02579-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2015
Effective date (End): February 29, 2016
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Psychology - Human Development Psychology
Principal researcher:Olga Maria Piazentin Rolim Rodrigues
Grantee:Rafaela Gonçalves Carvalho
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências (FC). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Bauru. Bauru , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The temperament, although a feature in biological part, is subject to influence the environment and can assist in child adjustment facilitating the acquisition of social skills. This project aims to analyze the relationship between babies' temperament up to one year of age and maternal parenting. While specific objectives will be to: describe the temperament of babies up to 12 months; describe the parenting practices of infants up to 12 months; compare the parenting practices of parents of easy and difficult temperament babies; relate maternal practices and baby's temperament. In this search will participate 60 mothers with babies of age ranging from three to 12 months. They will respond to Temperament Scale Baby and Parenting Styles Inventory for Baby Mother (IEPMB). The participants of the extension project "Mothers' babies Development Monitoring: assessment and guidance for parents" will be invited to participate. In case of acceptance they will answer Temperament Scale Baby and Parenting Styles Inventory for Baby Mother (IEPMB) in previously scheduled time. The data of Temperament Scale will be used to divide the sample into three groups: difficult temperament babies, babies median temperament and easy temperament babies. Using the t test, the Student will be compared the practices of babies of mothers of two groups: the difficult temperament in infants and the easy temperament babies. Another analysis will be done relating the score in each of the practices and the score on Temperament Scale using the Pearson correlation test. The data obtained will enable the identification of possible practices that hinder or facilitate interaction with the baby may be subject to intervention programs with the mothers of this population. (AU)

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