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Effect of addition of pregnancy-associated plasma protein a (Pappa) during in vitro maturation on bovine embryo production

Grant number: 15/10841-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2015
Effective date (End): August 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Veterinary Medicine - Animal Reproduction
Principal researcher:Anthony César de Souza Castilho
Grantee:Andressa Carvalho
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IBB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/11480-3 - Characterization of microRNAs (miRNAs) in bovine antral follicles from Nelore cattle: involvement during ovarian follicle cells differentiation and regulation of LH receptor (LHr) expression, AP.JP

Abstract

The oocyte in vitro maturation (MIV) is the focus of research because of the limiting factors of this phase. Thus, to improve this phase, studies investigate the addition or compositing modulation of growth factors and/or their availability in culture medium, as Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF). The proof of IGF importance is evident by the presence of its receptor (IGFR1) on oocyte and in several bovine embryo stages, as well as its stimulatory effect on oocyte maturation and embryo development in vivo and in vitro. The bioavailability of IGF is regulated by two mechanisms: IGFBPs (IGF binding proteins) and PAPPA (Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein A). The PAPPA is responsible to cleave IGF from IGFBPs, increasing IGF availability. Many studies investigating the effects of adding exogenous IGF-1 in IVM, however, the modulation of in vitro bioavailability of IGF has not yet been investigated and can be an additional strategy to study the effects of the IGF system on IVM from in vitro embryos production (IVEP) cattle. On this, the objective of this study is to investigate the effects of PAPPA adding to IVM on in vitro embryo production and embryo quality. For this, cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) from bovine ovaries from slaughterhouse will be matured with increasing doses of PAPPA (0, 1, 10 and 100 ng/mL) and cultured until blastocyst stage, when the embryo quality will be analyzed by differential staining techniques and gene expression by RT-qPCR. We expected that the addition of PAPPA during IVM, increase the bioavailability of IGF and thus the positive effect of this system will improve the bovine in vitro embryo production and embryo quality.

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