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Quality of life of hipertensive elderly who practice or not supervised exercise

Grant number: 15/04610-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2015
Effective date (End): September 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Collective Health - Public Health
Principal researcher:Tatiana Ribeiro de Campos Mello
Grantee:Nicolli Macedo de Barros
Home Institution: Pró-Reitoria de Pesquisa, Pós-Graduação e Extensão. Universidade de Mogi das Cruzes (UMC). Mogi das Cruzes , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Arterial Hypertension (AH) is the main risk factor for mortality and the third most important cause of disability in the elderly in the world. Its overall prevalence is 26% in the adult population, with increasing projections in the coming decades. The risk of developing hypertension increases with the age and its the most common chronic disease in the elderly, with a prevalence equal to or greater than 60% in developed countries and in Latin America (LIMA AND COSTA et al, 2006). It is a chronic disease characterized by elevated blood pressure at or above 140/90 mmHg. Responsible bodies for health guidelines state that adequate blood pressure control significantly reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes in this population (SBH, 2010). Recent research has shown that training exercise, with moderate load may contribute to the reduction of high blood pressure (CORNELISSEN et al, 2011). Regular physical exercise as well as being described in the literature as effective in reducing blood pressure levels, allows the social life of the elderly and thus improved their quality of life (SCHER et al, 2008). Objective: To compare the quality of life and blood pressure levels of hypertensive elderly who exercise with those who do not. Method: 100 elderly volunteers will be recruited with more than 60 years, hypertensive, of both sexes. Will be collected for the assessment of quality of life questionnaire, validated by the WHOQOL-BREF and WHOQOL-OLD literature, as an interview applied by the researcher. Blood pressure is measured at rest, 5, 10, 15, 30 and 45 minutes after exercise of the elderly who practice physical activity, and 10 minutes after administration of the questionnaire for elderly who do not exercise. For measurement of cardiovascular parameters will use an automatic device with oscillometric measurement, 3AC1-1 PC model (Micro-Life, Switzerland).

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