Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand

New frontiers in cross-coupling reactions promoted by palladium: combining enantioselective catalysis, C-H activations, new materials and in flux reactions aiming at high efficiency and sustainability in synthetic processes

Grant number: 16/00268-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2016
Effective date (End): December 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Chemistry - Organic Chemistry
Principal researcher:Carlos Roque Duarte Correia
Grantee:Otto Daolio Koster
Home Institution: Instituto de Química (IQ). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:14/25770-6 - New frontiers in cross-coupling reactions promoted by palladium: combining enantioselective catalysis, C-H activations, new materials and in flux reactions aiming at high efficiency and sustainability in synthetic processes, AP.TEM

Abstract

Despite the reasonably large number of those coupling reactions, there is still plenty of chemical room for further development and applications of those processes in view of their broad scope. Several key features of these processes are still unclear or were not investigated in depth at all. Moreover, many of those reactions need more work to achieve a higher level of applicability in synthesis. Aiming at getting on the frontline of knowledge of these coupling reactions, we are proposing as goals of the present project, I) a deeper understanding of the mechanistic aspects of these processes promoted by Pd, in particular of those involving the Heck arylations using arenediazonium tetrafluoroborates (the Heck-Matsuda arylations), II) a mild migration from homogeneous conditions of these coupling reactions to heterogeneous conditions, which prove themselves applicable to continuous flow, and III) the development and application of less well-known couplings, with emphasis on C-H oxidative activation, such as the Fujiwara-Moritani reactions and the Tsutsui-Narasaka reactions to synthesize heterocyclic compounds. The project encompasses all three aspects mentioned above, posing as specific goals: 1) to expand the use of the cross-coupling methods catalyzed by palladium at the same time it investigates new frontiers, such as the chirality transfer in the Heck-Matsuda reactions (enantioselective Heck-Matsuda reactions employing arenediazonium salts) in batch as well as using reactions in flow, 2) new applications for the oxidative cross-couplings of aromatic systems, 3) the use of palladium for the construction of new functional organic materials, 4) the application of modern computational methods to study and elucidate the precise mechanism of these reactions catalyzed by palladium. (AU)