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Causation in Aristotle, Mackie and Sosa

Grant number: 16/11438-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2016
Effective date (End): October 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Philosophy - History of Philosophy
Principal Investigator:Lucas Angioni
Grantee:Davi Heckert Cesar Bastos
Home Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil


The work aims to study the notion of causation in three authors: Aristotle, Mackie (1993/1965) and Sosa (1993/1980). Mackie proposes a regularist approach to causation, following David Hume´s account, but he adds the notion of causal field as a third causal relatum. Sosa proposes that all causation includes necessity, and that there are four types of causation. Aristotle proposes an account with three relata: an underlying, a property of that underlying and a cause that explains why such property is attributed to such underlying. Aristotle also proposes that there are four types of causation - the consecrated four causes. Mackie is similar to Aristotle in the triadic account of causation, and the notion of causal field is similar to the Aristotelian syllogism´s term C. Sosa, on the other hand, is similar to Aristotle on the proposal of four types of causation, and mainly on the proposal that the cause necessitates it´s effect. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DAVI BASTOS. A Teoria da Demonstração Científica de Aristóteles em Segundos Analíticos 1.2-9 e 1.13. ARCHAI-REVISTA DE ESTUDOS SOBRE AS ORIGENS DO PENSAMENTO OCIDENTAL, n. 30, p. -, 2020.

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