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Effects of eccentric exercise on muscle fibers different types and on the contraction force of permeabilized single fibers of dystrophic muscles

Grant number: 16/21048-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2016
Effective date (End): December 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy
Principal Investigator:Anabelle Silva Cornachione
Grantee:Emilly Sigoli
Home Institution: Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (CCBS). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/07104-6 - Effects of eccentric exercise in skeletal muscle rehabilitation of mdx mice after long period of training: morphological, functional and molecular evaluations, AP.JP

Abstract

Duchene Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a recessive degenerative disease linked to the X chromosome. DMD is a result of changes in a gene with 79 exons, localized in the region Xp21 of X chromosome. DMD is caused by the absence of the protein dystrophin, which is essential for muscle integrity. A lack of dystrophin leads to muscle weakness and progressive degeneration, and eventually to death due to respiratory failure. These alterations can be determined by changes of the amount of myosin heavy chain (MHC) in dystrophic muscles and, vital muscles as diaphragm can become fatigable. Eccentric exercise has been used to revert or minimize the morphological and functional alterations observed in dystrophic muscles. In this project we propose to analyze the effects of eccentric exercise over different fiber types and quantify the alterations in active force of single permeabilized fibers. Methods: Male mice (four/six weeks old) will be divided into four groups: (I) mdx sedentary; (II) mdx trained in treadmill running; (III) wild type sedentary; (IV) wild type trained in treadmill running. Each group will be further divided into two subgroups according to the training duration: 1 day and 9 days. After the training sessions, animals will be euthanized, and fragments of soleus and diaphragm muscles will be removed for different analyses. To identify different types of fibers will be used immunofluorescence technique. Mechanical tests will be performed in both groups and the active force in 2.5um of sarcomere length will be measured. Expected Results: After 1 day of eccentric training will be expected an increase of pathological alterations in dystrophic muscles without significant changes in the different fiber types and in the force contraction. In another hand, after nine days of training, will be expected to find signals of cellular regeneration in dystrophic muscles accompanied by alterations in the different fiber types and an increase of the force contraction of singles cells. (AU)