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Changes in strength and thigh composition in older adults with knee osteoarthritis

Grant number: 16/22884-6
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2017
Effective date (End): May 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy
Principal researcher:Stela Márcia Mattiello
Grantee:Aline Castilho de Almeida
Supervisor abroad: Stephen Messier
Home Institution: Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (CCBS). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Research place: Wake Forest University, United States  
Associated to the scholarship:16/05047-3 - INFLUENCE OF A CIRCUIT TRAINING PROTOCOL IN INTERMUSCULAR ADIPOSE TISSUE OF PATIENTS WITH KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL, BP.DR

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Muscle loss and fat gain contribute to the disability, pain, and morbidity associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA), and thigh muscle weakness is an independent and modifiable risk factor for it. The efficacy of high-intensity strength training in improving OA symptoms, slowing progression, and affecting the underlying mechanisms has not been examined due to the unsubstantiated belief that it might exacerbate symptoms. We hypothesize that in addition to short-term clinical benefits, combining greater duration with high-intensity strength training will alter thigh composition sufficiently to attain long-term reductions in knee-joint forces, lower pain levels, and slow OA progression. Methods/Design: This is an assessor-blind, randomized controlled trial. The study population consists of 372 older (age e 55 yrs) ambulatory, community-dwelling persons with: (1) mild-to-moderate medial tibiofemoral OA (Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) = 2 or 3); (2) knee neutral or varus aligned knee (-2° valgus d angle d 10° varus); (3) BMI e 20 kg.m-2 and d 45 kg.m-2; and (3) no participation in a formal strength-training program for more than 30 minutes per week within the past 6 months. Participants are randomized to one of 3 groups: high-intensity strength training (75-90% 1 Repetition Maximum (1RM)); low-intensity strength training (30-40%1RM); or healthy living education. The primary clinical aim is to compare the interventions' effects on thigh muscle and fat volume, measured by computed tomography (CT); components of thigh muscle function, including hip abductor strength and quadriceps strength, and power. Results of this trial will provide critically needed guidance for clinicians in a variety of health professions who prescribe and oversee treatment and prevention of OA-related complications. Given the prevalence and impact of OA and the widespread availability of this intervention, assessing the efficacy of optimal strength training has the potential for immediate and vital clinical impact.Key words: intermuscular fat, strength training, quadriceps, CT scan, physical therapy, rehabilitation

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