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Evaluation of chromium adsorption in carboxymethylcelulose obtained from corn straw modified and activated with different ionic liquids

Grant number: 17/05485-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2017
Effective date (End): February 28, 2019
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Sanitary Engineering - Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Andreia de Araújo Morandim
Grantee:José Carlos de Andrade Neto
Home Institution: Campus de São Bernardo do Campo. Centro Universitário da FEI (UNIFEI). Fundação Educacional Inaciana Padre Sabóia de Medeiros (FEI). São Bernardo do Campo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Currently, many studies related to the treatment of heavy metal effluents are being developed, especially those that allow the use of lignocellulosic residues as adsorbents. Thus, during the development of the present project, initially, will be synthesized and characterized the ionic liquids from lactic acid and the amines (sec-butylamine and tert-butylamine). The characterizations of the same will be carried out by RMNH1, RMNC13 and FTIR-ATR. After this step, the carboxymethylcellulose will be obtained from the corn straw. For this, it will undergo a pulping process in basic medium (9% soda solution for 6 h), bleaching with peroxide (5% hydrogen peroxide solution for 5 h, pH 12, 40ºC) and obtaining the carboxymethylcellulose using monochloroacetic acid. However, carboxymethylcellulose has high solubility in water. Thus, it will undergo a process of reaction with the chitosan to obtain the adsorbent. Once the desired adsorbent is obtained, it will be characterized by X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy and differential exploratory calorimetry, and subsequently submitted to the activation process with the ionic liquids synthesized in order to check the influence of the aminic chain branching in the activation process and the subsequent adsorption of chromium. After the activation of the carboxymethylcellulose, chromium adsorption experiments will be performed using a potassium dichromate solution 400 mg/L to verify the effectiveness of each adsorbent. Also studies will be conducted to determine the optimum pH for adsorption, the ideal temperature, the maximum chromium concentration adsorbed per gram of adsorbent and also the best time. Studies on the reaction time will be used to determine the reaction kinetics and the data relating to variation the chromium concentration at different temperatures are used to obtain the adsorption isotherms, and therefore, will determine the adsorbent's efficiency. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DE ANDRADE NETO, JOSE CARLOS; PEREIRA, GILBERTO JOSE; MORANDIM-GIANNETTI, ANDREIA DE ARAUJO. Chitosan and corn stover derivative bioadsorbent: characterization and application in hexavalent chromium adsorption processes. Cellulose, v. 27, n. 11 MAY 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
DE ANDRADE NETO, JOSE CARLOS; DE ALMEIDA, ANDRESSA CAROLINA; MACHADO, CAMILA DOS SANTOS; COELHO, DANIELLA OLMO; MOURAD, NAJIB; TEIXEIRA, NATALIA SIQUEIRA; PEREIRA, GILBERTO JOSE; MORANDIM-GIANNETTI, ANDREIA DE ARAUJO. Attainment of cellulose acetate from coir fiber submitted to pretreatment with IL n-butylammonium acetate. IRANIAN POLYMER JOURNAL, v. 28, n. 5, p. 425-433, MAY 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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