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Reputation, rising powers, and global governance: a pragmatic analysis of commitments of Brazil and India on humanitarian crises abroad

Grant number: 17/10021-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2017
Effective date (End): August 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - International Politics
Principal researcher:Rafael Antonio Duarte Villa
Grantee:Sasikumar Shanmuga Sundaram
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):19/08492-6 - Humanitarian intervention norm and foreign policy practices: reputation and moral authority of Brazil and India in international politics, BE.EP.PD


My proposed project aims to investigate the reputational concerns of rising powers to analyze the nature and extent of challenge they pose to the institutions of liberal global governance. Reputation itself, however, is ambiguous in current International Relations (IR) conceptualization. The research aims to address this lacuna by empirically investigating the concern for reputation of Brazil and India in the humanitarian order and using this empirical evidence for improving upon the growing scholarship on reputation in IR theory. Drawing upon insights from critical constructivist IR and taking the normative dimensions of reputation seriously, the analytical framework of this project aims to examine how "scorekeepers" keep track of reputational concerns of states based on interrogating one's own and others' commitments and entitlements in the deontic discursive practices. Using this framework, the project will investigate Brazil and India's reputational concerns in three case studies: Kosovo 1999, NATO intervention in Libya 2011; and the non-intervention against the Assad regime in Syria 2013 and beyond. The findings of the project will have important theoretical and policy implications for facing the emerging challenges of global governance and for devising common interests with rising powers to manage the liberal order.

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Scientific publications (5)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
VILLA, RAFAEL D.; SUNDARAM, SASIKUMAR S. Foreign policy change as rhetorical politics: domestic-regional constellation of Global South states. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, OCT 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SUNDARAM, SASIKUMAR S. Strategic Legitimation through Rhetorical Dissociation in International Relations. JOURNAL OF GLOBAL SECURITY STUDIES, v. 6, n. 2 JUN 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SUNDARAM, SASIKUMAR S. Varieties of political rhetorical reasoning: norm types, scorekeepers, and political projects. INTERNATIONAL THEORY, v. 12, n. 3, p. 358-386, NOV 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SUNDARAM, SASIKUMAR S. The Practices of Evaluating Entitlements: Rethinking ``Reputation{''} in International Politics. INTERNATIONAL STUDIES QUARTERLY, v. 64, n. 3, p. 657-668, SEP 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SUNDARAM, SASIKUMAR S.; THAKUR, VINEET. A pragmatic methodology for studying international practices. JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL THEORY, OCT 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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