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"Scholastic heresy": a phenomenon in the eleventh and twelfth centuries?

Grant number: 17/14919-7
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2018
Effective date (End): January 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - Ancient and Medieval History
Principal Investigator:Néri de Barros Almeida
Grantee:Rafael Bosch Batista
Supervisor abroad: Sylvain Piron
Home Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), France  
Associated to the scholarship:16/04026-2 - "Scholastic heresy": a phenomenon in the eleventh and twelfth centuries?, BP.DR


This research project proposes to analyze accusations and condemnations of heresies suffered by French school masters in the Eleventh and Twelfth centuries. Although many developments occurred in the historiography since the second half of the Twentieth century, such subject remains sidelined by historians, that, influenced by Annales School, preferred to center their attention on "marginal" or "popular" heresies. We start off from the assumption that "scholastic heresy", produced within the schools, differed from the one highlighted by historiography. For such, we make use of analytical tools provided by Scholastic Anthropology, that associates methodological aspects both from intellectual and social history to cross data obtained from diversified types of sources. This epistemological position allows to reflect upon the condemnations of Berengar of Tours, Roscelin of Compiène, Peter Abelard and Gilbert of Poitiers as a wide and complex phenomenon and not just as a set of isolated cases. With that in mind, it would be possible to comprehend the specific level of control exercised by the church over the themes that could be debated at the school environment and also how the new scholastic knowledges influenced authority construction, whether secular or ecclesiastic. The École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), where the Group d'Antrophologie Scolastique (GAS) is situated, presents itself as the ideal environment for the development of this research, allowing constant dialogues with another medievalists that work on the same themes and providing access to important archives and libraries.