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Indigenous descimentos and reducciones in Western Amazon (1686-1757): processes of displacement and territorialization of Omáguas, Yurimáguas, Aysuares, Ybanomas and Manaos

Grant number: 17/14921-1
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2017
Effective date (End): September 30, 2022
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - History of America
Principal Investigator:Eduardo Natalino dos Santos
Grantee:Fernanda Aires Bombardi
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):18/04143-4 - Indigenous reduction in the Upper Amazon (1686-1757): agreements, processes of displacement and territorialization of the omaguas, yurimaguas, aysuares and ybanomas, BE.EP.DR

Abstract

In this research, I intend to analyze the reducciones, carried out by Jesuits attached to Província de Quito, and the descimentos, conducted by Carmelites sent by Portuguese Crown, of the Omáguas, Yurimáguas, Aysuares, Ybanomas and Manaos, indigenous groups inhabiting the region comprised by the Napo and Negro rivers, between the years 1686 and 1757. Specifically, I seek to understand: the agreements that established the bases for reduções and descimentos, the experiences of displacement and the processes of territorialization in the Missions. In order to answer these questions, we will analyze a wide range of sources of various settling agents, already partially investigated in national and Portuguese archives. The historiography that studied these practices, did it in a tangential way, rarely considering them as an central object of investigation; in addition, that historiography tended to emphasize only external pressures as the vectors that led the native groups to accept to move to a missionary space. The preliminary analysis of the Portuguese documentation shows that elements of the cosmopolitics of the indigenous groups, such as forms of production and occupation of the space, native networks of commerce and sociability and feelings of identity and otherness, were also fundamental for the agreements and for the territorialization process. In this sense, I defend the existence of an dialectical tension between negotiation and violence that, depending on the conjuncture of territorial disputes, set the tone of agreements towards more balanced negotiations or displacements driven by coercion and implicit violence. (AU)

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