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Impact of artistic gymnastics on the metabolic parameters and bone development of female adolescents: ABCD - Growth Study

Grant number: 17/14183-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2017
Effective date (End): October 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physical Education
Principal researcher:Rômulo Araújo Fernandes
Grantee:Isabella Neto Exupério
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia (FCT). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Presidente Prudente. Presidente Prudente , SP, Brazil


Artistic gymnastics has a significant impact on the bone matrix due to the high mechanical stress in the skeleton generated by its practice. On the other hand, their practitioners have significantly lower height than their peers of similar age (denoting possible damage to growth). Thus, great discussion still exists if this morphological characteristic is generated by damages caused by its practice or simple natural selection of the modality. Objective: To identify, in a 12-month follow-up, the impact of the practice of artistic gymnastics on modifications in metabolic, morphological and bone density parameters among female adolescents. Methods: A 12-month follow-up longitudinal study (two moments of data collection) that will be conducted in the city of Presidente Prudente. The sample will be composed of at least 20 female youths classified as: Control (n = 10) and Artistic Gymnastics (n = 10). Bone mineral density, muscle mass and adipose tissue will be estimated by means of the dual energy X-ray absorptiometry in the I) lower limbs, II) the left leg and III) the right leg. Through blood analysis will be collected: complete lipid profile, insulin, glycemia and C-reactive protein (ultrasensitive). Expected Results: It is hoped to identify possible benefits resulting from the practice of artistic gymnastics on the bone and metabolic health of young females, as well as, if necessary to identify potential health risks arising from the practice of this sport. (AU)

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