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Intentionality and causality in the transcendental analytic: a study about the order of time and the unity of nature

Grant number: 17/09999-1
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2018
Effective date (End): December 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Philosophy - History of Philosophy
Principal Investigator:Maurício Cardoso Keinert
Grantee:André Rodrigues Ferreira Perez
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


The research we want to develop aims to show the centrality of the relational categories in the constitution of an unified experience. As we see it, this centrality comes from the fact that the schemata of these categories are characterized by Kant as the elements which constitute the order of time, responsible for the position of the appearances in existence - or of those empirical singular objetos which correspond to these appearances - in an unified dynamical whole that has causality as its condition: nature in the unity of its two aspects, formaliter and materialiter. However the stablishment of this temporal order depends on that of objective realations of duration, succesion and simultaneity. These realtions, by their turn, will only be possible if the connection of appearances originates itself of the relation between time and the objective unity of apperception, the form of which is judgement. With this we want to say that the objectiveness of temporal relations depends on the intentional character of the judgement act, for it is by this act that our representation are related to objects, to the X of judgment of which S and P are predicates. In this way the intuition of X could be determined by the submission of the multiple of its apreehension to the rules expressed in the logical forms of judgement. It would then be precisely these forms the responsible factor for the stabilishment of the relations of subsistence and causal conection, both producing the reciprocal causality, setting up a dynamical comunity (of reciprocal action) between substances, in which each is at the same time cause and consequence of the other, as far as they influence reciprocally each other in respect to their states. The constitution of the connection among appearances in accordance with rules is what Kant names nature. Its unity (object of the Analogies of experience), in this way, as an a priori unity, an unity that comes from time determination (thus, temporal order), would then be the condition of possibility of the unity of experience, understood and the set of empirical objects (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FERREIRA PEREZ, ANDRE RODRIGUES. On the provenience and meaning of the concept ``exponent{''} in Kant's Critique of pure reason. CON-TEXTOS KANTIANOS-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY, n. 14, p. 64-91, . (17/09999-1)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
PEREZ, André Rodrigues Ferreira. Reference and Analogy: an inquiry concerning the presuppositions of the formulation of the principle of causality in the Critique of pure reason. 2021. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH/SBD) São Paulo.

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