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The institutionalization of deviants: a study about the re-internment of Brazil's poor and mad people

Grant number: 17/25494-7
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): January 30, 2018
Effective date (End): April 29, 2018
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Psychology - Social Psychology
Principal Investigator:Hélio Rebello Cardoso Júnior
Grantee:Letícia Iafelix Minari
Supervisor: Guillaume Le Blanc
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Letras (FCL-ASSIS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Assis. Assis , SP, Brazil
Research place: Université Paris-Est Créteil Val de Marne, France  
Associated to the scholarship:16/03850-3 - Institutionalization of madness: perceptions and analysis of works by Michel Foucault, Erving Goffman and Franco Basaglia, BP.IC

Abstract

In the 19th century, Brazil started its internment of "dangerous individuals" that threatened society's well-being. This diagnosis allowed doctors to justify and request the creation of the first hospices. With these spaces, Brazil's psychiatry was born, in which the deviants of social order (specially the mad and the poor) were confined. These figures started to be dismantled in the 1980s, with the Brazilian Psychiatric Reform started. However, besides the movement contributions, the internment of the mad and the poor has returned, placing them on a space of mutual exclusion. This can be studied under the foucaultian concept of biopolitics, responsible for normalizing the deviants; studies from le Blanc about social invisibility shared by their lives. This internship project aims to investigate the return of the internment of the mad and the poor on Brazil, with Foucault and Guillaume Le Blanc as its basis, who is an important developer of the foucaultian ideas, and also accepted to supervise this study at Paris-Ést Créteil University, between January and April 2018. (AU)

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