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Gender and preservation: ways of living and their different expressions

Grant number: 17/17330-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2018
Effective date (End): August 30, 2018
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Fundamentals of Architecture and Urbanism
Principal researcher:Sabrina Studart Fontenele Costa
Grantee:Thays Teixeira Guimarães
Home Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The following research devotes itself to the study of records of domestic practices from a gender perspective. This is performed through the analysis of three distinct spaces: the Dona Yayá House, the Frida Kahlo Museum and the E1027, situated in São Paulo, Mexico City and France respectively. The environments in which the aforementioned sites exist are contextually and physically distinct, allowing a broader perspective to examine them in relation to each other. Through this research, one perceives the gender discussion practically intrinsic to the domestic space. Therefore, we try to understand the narrative constructed in each of the residences since they present much of the rituals and ways of thinking and living of its inhabitants. Aslihan (2009) says that houses are a domestic laboratory of everyday life and private rituals of their inhabitants, which contributes to the main motivation of transforming it spatially in museums. With the ultimate intention to widen the debate on different expressions of habitability as well as on the conservation and intervention processes that took place in such environments, a comparison between house-museums and an analysis of the exhibition design program will be done. Essentially, residences of the first half of the twentieth century were chosen, as there were notable changes in the patterns of domestic organization and the role of women in these internal environments during this time - also a period that marked the entrance of women in the public domain. In order to advance the discussion of female absence in relation to personalities who have had their trajectory preserved through biographical-museum, this research presents itself from the perspective of women protagonists in the formation of the domestic program of these environments, whether they are architects or users. (AU)

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