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Adaptation based on ecosystems through PES-Water using compensatory techniques to increase water security in urban watersheds

Grant number: 17/21392-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2018
Effective date (End): March 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Sanitary Engineering
Principal Investigator:Eduardo Mario Mendiondo
Grantee:João Pedro Coelho Belini
Home Institution: Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:14/50848-9 - INCT 2014: INCT for Climate Change, AP.PFPMCG.TEM

Abstract

The Ecosystem-Based Adaptation (EbA) proposes the interaction of ecosystem services and human activities, incorporating the nexus of water, energy, food and biodiversity security. For quali-quantitative water security, urban drainage compensatory techniques (TCs) incorporate engineering solutions in the field of low impact development ("low impact development", LID) and sustainable urban drainage systems ("sustainable urban drainage systems", SUDS). LID / LDS solutions can provide practical EbA solutions for mitigating the impacts of extreme events arising from potential long-term changes. However, there are still scientific gaps in the area of environmental engineering and water resources to conduct viable and replicable methodologies of TCs linked to EbA for long-term water security. The objective of this IC project is to provide theoretical-practical applications of the use of TC / LID / SUDS with an EbA approach to water security under climate change (PSA-hydro-MC). The PSA-hydro-MC methodology with TC / LID / SUDS will be developed experimentally, in an urban basin, with scenarios of climate change, land use and water consumption patterns. Based on the Water Producer Program (ANA), the proposal of this new urban PSA-hydro-MC via TC / LID / SUDS will be tested in an experimental area of the University Campus of USP-São Carlos, within the scope and applications of the Water Safety Component of the current INCT-MC-II (FAPESP 2014 / 50848-9), in which the supervisor of this project acts as principal investigator. This IC project will be developed in the new laboratory TheWADILab of USP-São Carlos and will have synergy with other current projects: new generation of TCs (Macedo et al, 2017-a, 2017-b), modeling of pollutant loads under aspects of LID / SUDS (de Lago et al, 2017) and modeling of water production under AbE scenarios (Taffarello et al, 2017). (AU)