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Dynamics of trace metals in vinasse anaerobic digestion: Effect of Ba supplementation

Grant number: 18/00213-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2018
Effective date (End): April 30, 2021
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Sanitary Engineering - Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment
Principal researcher:Marcelo Zaiat
Grantee:Adriana Ferreira Maluf Braga
Home Institution: Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:15/06246-7 - Biorefinery concept applied to biological wastewater treatment plants: environmental pollution control coupled with material and energy recovery, AP.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):19/21370-7 - Strategy for valorization of phenolic compounds from agro-industrial waste, BE.EP.PD

Abstract

Considering the concept of the biorefinery in ethanol production plants, the two-phase anaerobic systems is an alternative for H2 and CH4 from its sub-product, vinasse. Especially in two-phase anaerobic systems, there is the possibility to adjust each reactor, acidogenic and methanogenic, to the specific needs of the desired microbial consortium, aiming to optimize the H2 in the first stage and CH4 on the following reactor. Trace metals (TM) are essential to establish the appropriate conditions for several microorganisms contained in the anaerobic systems to growing and performing the catabolic activities, once the TMs are involved in enzymes and co-factors composition and activities that take place in metabolic pathways of H2 and CH4 production. In this regard, the dynamic of TM and their bioavailability in anaerobic systems might be an important tool to improve the performance of these systems. Therefore, it is proposed to carry out a two-phase anaerobic system to the thermophilic treatment of vinasse, using a structured bed reactor, adding Ba and monitoring the TM dynamics. The aiming is to precipitate Ba with the dissolved CO2 as BaCO3, inhibiting the deployment of homoacetogenesis, and to precipitate Ba with sulfate to avoid the competition between methanogenic archaeas and sulfate-reducing bacteria, as well as to avoid the precipitation of essentials TM.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DA SILVA, JULLIANA ALVES; BRAGA, ADRIANA F. M.; FERMOSO, FERNANDO G.; ZAIAT, MARCELO; SILVA, GUSTAVO H. R. Evaluation of the influence of trace metals on methane production from domestic sewage, using the Plackett-Burman experimental design. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 294, SEP 15 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
COSTA, RACHEL BIANCALANA; GOUVEA GODOI, LEANDRO AUGUSTO; MALUF BRAGA, ADRIANA FERREIRA; DELFORNO, TIAGO PALLADINO; BEVILAQUA, DENISE. Sulfate removal rate and metal recovery as settling precipitates in bioreactors: Influence of electron donors. JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, v. 403, FEB 5 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
NUNES FERRAZ, ANTONIO DJALMA JUNIOR; INES ETCHELET, MARIA; MALUF BRAGA, ADRIANA FERREIRA; CLAVIJO, LEONARDO; LOACES, INES; NOYA, FRANCISCO; ETCHEBEHERE, CLAUDIA. Alkaline pretreatment of yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) waste for unlocking low-cost cellulosic biofuel. FUEL, v. 266, APR 15 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.