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Oral condition and physical and nutritional status of the elderly in long-stay institutions: multicenter study

Grant number: 18/06185-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2018
Effective date (End): February 29, 2020
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry - Dental Clinics
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Renata Cunha Matheus Rodrigues Garcia
Grantee:Mariana Marinho Davino de Medeiros
Home Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba (FOP). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The growth of the elderly population is due to the increase of the world life expectancy. However, active aging is uncertain, especially in elderly people living in long-term institutions. The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to evaluate the oral health condition and the physical and nutritional status, as well as the masticatory efficiency of the elderly in long-stay institutions. According to a sample calculation, 500 elderly people will be selected, of which 300 will be recruited from 19 long-term institutions belonging to the city of Piracicaba-SP and 200 recruited from 6 institutions of João Pessoa-PB. The oral health condition will be evaluated by means of clinical examination to be performed by calibrated researchers (Kappa> 0.70), in order to investigate the caries experience (CPO-D index), need for treatment, use and necessity of removable prostheses, presence of oral lesions and changes in normality in soft tissues. The physical state will be evaluated through the Independence Scale in Daily Life Activities (EIAVD) and Fragility determination. The nutritional status will be evaluated through the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA®) and body measurements (bone and muscle mass, metabolic age, visceral fat, body mass index and total water mass) obtained through a bioimpedance balance. The masticatory efficiency will be evaluated by visual and electronic colorimetric inspection of artificial chewable test material (two-color chewing gum). The deglutition threshold will be evaluated by the number of masticatory cycles performed by the volunteer during the chewing of 17g of peanut until the moment of swallowing. The data will be analyzed by means of descriptive and inferential statistics, which will test hypotheses of association and / or difference, considering p <0.05 and ² <0.20. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DAVINO DE MEDEIROS, MARIANA MARINHO; COSTA DE FIGUEREDO, OLIVIA MARIA; PINHEIRO, MAYARA ABREU; SANTOS DE OLIVEIRA, LUIZ FABRICIO; WANDERLEY, RAYSSA LUCENA; CAVALCANTI, YURI WANDERLEY; MATHEUS RODRIGUES GARCIA, RENATA CUNHA. Factors associated with the overlap of frailty and nutrition in institutionalized older adults: A multicenter study. ARCHIVES OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS, v. 90, SEP-OCT 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.