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Alterations in the esophageal phase of the swallowing of children and adolescents

Grant number: 18/03251-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2018
Effective date (End): December 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Speech Therapy
Principal Investigator:Maria Inês Rebelo Gonçalves
Grantee:Isabelle Lima Guerreiro
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Introduction: Any alteration in swallowing that hinders or impedes safe, efficient and comfortable oral intake is called dysphagia. This can lead to malnutrition, dehydration, laryngotracheal aspiration, causing recurrent pneumonias and even death. The rates of dysphagia in the pediatric population have increased in recent years. The esophageal phase of swallowing consists of an automatic peristaltic wave, which carries the nourishing cake from the esophagus to the stomach, thereby reducing the risk of gastroesophageal reflux. In young children, it can manifest itself through dietary rejection or crying during meals, besides the most common symptoms such as gagging and coughing. The videodeglutoesophagogram, also known as videofluoroscopy of swallowing, aims to diagnose, characterize and define therapeutic behavior for swallowing disorders. Objective: The objective of this study will be to verify alterations in the esophageal phase of the swallowing of children and adolescents submitted to the videodeglutosophagogram examination.Material and Method: The study will be carried out by means of the analysis of the reports of videodeglutoesophagogram examinations carried out in the Diagnostic Imaging Department of UNIFESP and part of the archive of the Functional Rehabilitation Sector of Deglutition Disorders (SEREDE) of the Department of Speech-Language Pathology, also of UNIFESP. (AU)