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Gender and counterinsurgency: the United States strategy at the war in Afghanistan

Grant number: 18/03392-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2018
Effective date (End): February 29, 2020
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - International Politics
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal researcher:Samuel Alves Soares
Grantee:Gabriela Freitas dos Santos
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências (FFC). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Marília. Marília , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This paper aims to analyze the gender aspects of the US counterinsurgency strategy in the war in Afghanistan. These aspects are most prominently highlighted in the implementation of the Female Engagement Teams (FETs), ground support groups made up exclusively of US military women, who were responsible for reaching out to the civilian population, especially with Afghan women. On a larger scale, this initiative was part of the US strategic reorientation adopted in Afghanistan, in 2009, within the Obama administration. Through a population-centered counterinsurgency strategy, the goal was to 'win hearts and minds' and defeat the Afghan insurgency, especially the Taliban. Therefore, this research tries to answer which are the predominant aspects of gender in the counterinsurgency strategy adopted by the United States in the intervention in Afghanistan; and how this phenomenon, the gendering of counterinsurgency, is part of a reshaping of US interventionism. (AU)

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