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Psychosocial profile of animal hoarders and implication on public health

Grant number: 17/18313-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2018
Effective date (End): December 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Veterinary Medicine - Animal Pathology
Principal researcher:Noeme Sousa Rocha
Grantee:José Fernando Nardy
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Animals hoarders are a relevant topic that involve several areas of Veterinary Medicine, and multidisciplinary. In these situations is important that the veterinarian has the legal knowledge regarding animal protection laws and the forensic knowledge to identify injuries in animals, also the owner certainly suffers a pathology. The recent development of Legal Veterinary Medicine has addressed these topics in order to empower the veterinarian to recognize variables involving the environment in which these animal lives. The study of accumulators is not only the identification of the domestic and human environment and the possible surrounding diseases, but also the destiny of the animals found in these residences and the impact on society. To helps a veterinarian, has developed the Veterinary Medicine of the Collective, an interdisciplinary relationship with a Public Health, and in addition, to try to establish paramethers to prevent Zoonotic diseases, control of Wandering animals present in urban centers and animal welfare. We have three parts in this project. First, through the application of a form to identify the psychosocial profile of accumulators of dogs and cats in Botucatu city, during the period from November 2017 to October 2018. The second stage comprises, the places visited is analyzed use a protocol of Expertise. Third, the diagnostic of zoonotic parasites: Ancylostoma spp., Toxocara spp., Dipylidium caninum and Trichuris vulpis, by representative stool samples from each place, as are submitted to the LAMP procedure for molecular diagnosis. After the three stages of the results, it is statistically analyzed and applicable the frequency distribution, the descriptive statistical distribution and comparative tests according to the distribution of the data, to provide more information about the conditions of accumulators of animals, on Public Health, veterinary medicine and even generating data that serve public services. (AU)

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