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Prevention, knowledge and practice about Zika virus among pregnant women and new mothers - Jundiaí

Grant number: 18/06131-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2018
Effective date (End): July 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine - Maternal and Child Health
Principal Investigator:Saulo Duarte Passos
Grantee:Lucas Castro Pires
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina de Jundiaí (FMJ). Prefeitura Municipal de Jundiaí. Jundiaí , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:16/08578-0 - Vertical infection by the virus Zika and its impact on the mother-child area, AP.TEM

Abstract

Recently, an infection caused by Zika Virus, as well as by others arboviruses: Dengue, Chikungunya, and Yellow Fever have caused great impact on the Brazilian public health, being prevention one of the main control strategies. Therefore, this study has as the main purpose, analyze the knowledge and use of Zika virus infection prevention methods among pregnant and new mothers of the Cohort Zika - Jundiaí (CZJ). In 2017, a pilot study conducted at CZJ with 290 pregnants and puerperas, showed that only 18% of the women used preservatives and 50% were aware of vertical and sexual transmission. Methods: Case-control study, conducted at the University Hospital and Pediatric Ambulatory of the Medical School of Jundiaí (FMJ). Assuming an incidence of 5% microcephaly / Congenital Zika Syndrome in the children of infected women, selecting a ratio of 1:5 cases: controls, with a significance level of 5%, counting on 35% of pregnant and postpartum women participating in the Cohort. Case Definition: Positive Result of Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) for Zika Virus in urine specimen tested. Data collection will be done by researchers and nursing staff, with a specific questionnaire of 17 questions, divided in epidemiological information, use of repellents and condoms, knowledge about the Zika Virus and prevention guidelines. The data will be tabulated and processed electronically in Salesforce and the analysis will be done by SPSS software. It is very important to have full understanding about this problematic among us in order to make interventions, management and prevention of this emerging pathogen. (AU)