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Correlation between greenhouse gases, natural processes and land use in the Amazon Basin region

Grant number: 18/18493-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2018
Effective date (End): October 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences
Principal researcher:Luciana Vanni Gatti
Grantee:Graciela Tejada Pinell
Home Institution: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE). Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Brasil). São José dos Campos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:16/02018-2 - Interannual variation of Amazon Basin greenhouse gas balances and their controls in a warming and increasingly variable climate – Carbam: the Amazon carbon balance long-term study, AP.PFPMCG.TEM

Abstract

Using vertical profiles of atmospheric components, collected in the Amazon Basin region, we will try to broaden our understanding of key elements regarding carbon balance in the atmosphere-biosphere through spatio-temporal patterns of tropospheric greenhouse gas concentration, and considering carbon transport in the atmosphere and on the surface of the Amazon basin. Then, we will seek to scale the contributors of various systems that compose this balance, identifying and ranking, in a regional scale, the key factors that define carbon fluxes. The carbon balance of any given region is calculated based on the surface variations, land use and the ecophysiological vegetation dynamics. Investigative tools applied to distribution of water bodies and flood areas, fire occurrence, deforestation, physiological functioning of vegetation, etc., are critical to mapping the different contributors to carbon balance. This regional dimensioning contributes substantially, to the analysis of the resulting CO2 concentration variation in atmospheric profile. 8.6.2 Objectives: Based on a high precision 5-year database (expandable for an additional 5 years) of vertical profiles of greenhouse gases from various sites of the Amazon Basin region (Gatti et al., 2014), and with calculations results of carbon balance on the surface (Ometto et al., 2014), we will find differences and similarities in the assessment of atmospheric CO2 concentrations variation in the Amazon Basin, thus expanding our scientific understanding of the processes that control carbon exchange and climate response over time scales, in this strategic ecological region

Articles published in other media outlets (10 total):
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A Gazeta (Cuiabá, MT): Natureza em alerta (20/Jul/2021)
O Estado de S. Paulo: Parte da Amazônia já emite mais CO2 do que absorve (15/Jul/2021)
O Globo: Amazônia já emite mais gás carbônico do que absorve (15/Jul/2021)
Estadão.com: Amazônia já tem regiões que emitem mais gás carbônico que absorvem (14/Jul/2021)
O Globo online: Amazônia já emite mais gás carbônico do que absorve, indica estudo (14/Jul/2021)
Espaço Ecológico no Ar: Leste da Amazônia vira fonte de carbono e passa a emitir mais CO2 do que absorve (21/Jul/2021)
Florestal Brasil: Leste da Amazônia vira fonte de carbono e passa a emitir mais CO2 do que absorve (19/Jul/2021)
Socioambiental: Em Rondônia, deputados aprovam nova redução de áreas protegidas (16/Jul/2021)
ISA - Instituto Socioambiental: Em Rondônia, deputados aprovam nova redução de áreas protegidas (16/Jul/2021)
The New York Times (EUA) online : Parts of the Amazon Go From Absorbing Carbon Dioxide to Emitting It (14/Jul/2021)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CASSOL, HENRIQUE L. G.; DOMINGUES, LUCAS G.; SANCHEZ, ALBER H.; BASSO, LUANA S.; MARANI, LUCIANO; TEJADA, GRACIELA; ARAI, EGIDIO; CORREIA, CAIO; ALDEN, CAROLINE B.; MILLER, JOHN B.; GLOOR, MANUEL; ANDERSON, LIANA O.; ARAGAO, LUIZ E. O. C.; GATTI, LUCIANA V. Determination of Region of Influence Obtained by Aircraft Vertical Profiles Using the Density of Trajectories from the HYSPLIT Model. ATMOSPHERE, v. 11, n. 10 OCT 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
TEJADA, GRACIELA; GORGENS, ERIC BASTOS; OVANDO, ALEX; OMETTO, JEAN PIERRE. Mapping data gaps to estimate biomass across Brazilian Amazon forests. FOREST ECOSYSTEMS, v. 7, n. 1 APR 22 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
TEJADA, GRACIELA; GORGENS, ERIC BASTOS; ESPIRITO-SANTO, FERNANDO DEL BON; CANTINHO, ROBERTA ZECCHINI; OMETTO, JEAN PIERRE. Evaluating spatial coverage of data on the aboveground biomass in undisturbed forests in the Brazilian Amazon. Carbon Balance and Management, v. 14, n. 1 SEP 3 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.