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Carbon tracker and water availability controls of land use and climate changes

Grant number: 08/58120-3
Support type:Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
Duration: October 01, 2009 - March 31, 2014
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences
Cooperation agreement: CNPq - Pronex
Principal Investigator:Humberto Ribeiro da Rocha
Grantee:Humberto Ribeiro da Rocha
Home Institution: Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas (IAG). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Luciana Vanni Gatti
Associated scholarship(s):12/08369-0 - Water environmental services: quantifying the effects of PPA’s functionality on multi-scale watersheds, BP.PD
11/04051-3 - Greenhouse gases input in the Brazilian coast corresponding to the Amazon Basin, BP.MS
10/17045-9 - Dendrometric dynamic in a cerrado denso stricto sensu of Glebe Pé-de-gigante, Parque Estadual de Vassununga, Santa Rita do Passa Quatro, SP, BP.TT
10/03674-4 - Carbon transport and balance in Amazon, BP.PD

Abstract

This proposal concerns the Consequences of global climate change in the functioning of ecosystems, with emphasis on the water and carbon cycles, especially the sectors of water resources and agriculture, and the balance of radiation in the atmosphere, aerosols, trace gases and changes in land use. The proposal seeks to estimate and interpret greenhouse gases (GHG) and surface hydrological exchanges at large- and regional scale in Brazil, both due to climate variation and land use changes (LUC), using consistent field measurements and modeling of the land-atmosphere system. We aim to answer: if the Amazon basin operates as a sink or source of GHG, which intrinsically adds much uncertainty in the assessment of long term predictions of regional climate; on what extension the LUC reduces the water availability, and how it might combine future global climate changes; where and how the medium term policies of adaptation to climate change could be tackled in critical areas. By means of a consortium of Brazillian instituions (USP, Embrapa, IPEN, DAEE, IBt) , UK (Univ of Leeds) and american (NOAA), we plan to developing spatio-temporal distributions of carbon fluxes, estimating mean net carbon flux for Amazon basin (sink or source), using a computational & field data assimilation system -- the carbon tracker, that includes LUC and the aerosol effects: emphasizing the strong link between GHG with the hydrological cycle, and calculating changes in water status and ecosystem productivity in the Amazon basin, for a range of climate scenarios: estimating surface water and carbon fluxes across several ecosystems in Amazonia, Cerrado and Atlantic Forest, using observation in flux tower sites; assessing the hydrological effects of land use changes, for a range of climate change scenarios, in meso-scale watersheds in the biomes of Cerrado and Atlantic Forest. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant
Lack of rain affects Amazônia’s capacity to absorb carbon 

Scientific publications (12)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FONSECA, LETICIA D. M.; DALAGNOL, RICARDO; MALHI, YADVINDER; RIFAI, SAMI W.; COSTA, GABRIEL B.; SILVA, THIAGO S. F.; DA ROCHA, HUMBERTO R.; TAVARES, IANE B.; BORMA, LAURA S. Phenology and Seasonal Ecosystem Productivity in an Amazonian Floodplain Forest. REMOTE SENSING, v. 11, n. 13 JUL 1 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
ZHU, LIYE; MARTIN, MARIA VAL; GATTI, LUCIANA V.; KAHN, RALPH; HECOBIAN, ARSINEH; FISCHER, EMILY V. Development and implementation of a new biomass burning emissions injection height scheme (BBEIH v1.0) for the GEOS-Chem model (v9-01-01). Geoscientific Model Development, v. 11, n. 10, p. 4103-4116, OCT 11 2018. Web of Science Citations: 4.
ARAGAO, LUIZ E. O. C.; ANDERSON, LIANA O.; FONSECA, MARISA G.; ROSAN, THAIS M.; VEDOVATO, LAURA B.; WAGNER, FABIEN H.; SILVA, CAMILA V. J.; SILVA JUNIOR, CELSO H. L.; ARAI, EGIDIO; AGUIAR, ANA P.; BARLOW, JOS; BERENGUER, ERIKA; DEETER, MERRITT N.; DOMINGUES, LUCAS G.; GATTI, LUCIANA; GLOOR, MANUEL; MALHI, YADVINDER; MARENGO, JOSE A.; MILLER, JOHN B.; PHILLIPS, OLIVER L.; SAATCHI, SASSAN. 21st Century drought-related fires counteract the decline of Amazon deforestation carbon emissions. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v. 9, FEB 13 2018. Web of Science Citations: 67.
PANGALA, SUNITHA R.; ENRICH-PRAST, ALEX; BASSO, LUANA S.; PEIXOTO, ROBERTA BITTENCOURT; BASTVIKEN, DAVID; HORNIBROOK, EDWARD R. C.; GATTI, LUCIANA V.; MAROTTA, HUMBERTO; BRAUCKS CALAZANS, LUANA SILVA; SAKURAGUI, CASSIA MONICA; BASTOS, WANDERLEY RODRIGUES; MALM, OLAF; GLOOR, EMANUEL; MILLER, JOHN BHARAT; GAUCI, VINCENT. Large emissions from floodplain trees close the Amazon methane budget. Nature, v. 552, n. 7684, p. 230+, DEC 14 2017. Web of Science Citations: 28.
BASSO, LUANA S.; GATTI, LUCIANA V.; GLOOR, MANUEL; MILLER, JOHN B.; DOMINGUES, LUCAS G.; CORREIA, CAIO S. C.; BORGES, VIVIANE F. Seasonality and interannual variability of CH4 fluxes from the eastern Amazon Basin inferred from atmospheric mole fraction profiles. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, v. 121, n. 1, p. 168-184, JAN 16 2016. Web of Science Citations: 7.
MARCHIORI, NIDIA MARA; ROCHA, HUMBERTO RIBEIRO; TAMASHIRO, JORGE YOSHIO; MARINHO AIDAR, MARCOS PEREIRA. TREE COMMUNITY COMPOSITION AND ABOVEGROUND BIOMASS IN A SECONDARY ATLANTIC FOREST, SERRA DO MAR STATE PARK, SAO PAULO, BRAZIL. Cerne, v. 22, n. 4, p. 501-514, 2016. Web of Science Citations: 6.
CABRAL, OSVALDO M. R.; DA ROCHA, HUMBERTO R.; GASH, JOHN H.; FREITAS, HELBER C.; LIGO, MARCOS A. V. Water and energy fluxes from a woodland savanna (cerrado) in southeast Brazil. JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY-REGIONAL STUDIES, v. 4, n. B, p. 22-40, SEP 2015. Web of Science Citations: 14.
GATTI, L. V.; GLOOR, M.; MILLER, J. B.; DOUGHTY, C. E.; MALHI, Y.; DOMINGUES, L. G.; BASSO, L. S.; MARTINEWSKI, A.; CORREIA, C. S. C.; BORGES, V. F.; FREITAS, S.; BRAZ, R.; ANDERSON, L. O.; ROCHA, H.; GRACE, J.; PHILLIPS, O. L.; LLOYD, J. Drought sensitivity of Amazonian carbon balance revealed by atmospheric measurements. Nature, v. 506, n. 7486, p. 76+, FEB 6 2014. Web of Science Citations: 221.
CABRAL, OSVALDO M. R.; ROCHA, HUMBERTO R.; GASH, JOHN H.; LIGO, MARCOS A. V.; RAMOS, NILZA PATRICIA; PACKER, ANA PAULA; BATISTA, EUNICE REIS. Fluxes of CO2 above a sugarcane plantation in Brazil. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, v. 182, n. SI, p. 54-66, DEC 15 2013. Web of Science Citations: 5.
CABRAL, OSVALDO M. R.; ROCHA, HUMBERTO R.; GASH, JOHN H.; LIGO, MARCOS A. V.; TATSCH, JONATAN D.; FREITAS, HELBER C.; BRASILIO, EMILIA. Water use in a sugarcane plantation. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, v. 4, n. 5, p. 555-565, SEP 2012. Web of Science Citations: 22.
CABRAL, OSVALDO M. R.; GASH, JOHN H. C.; ROCHA, HUMBERTO R.; MARSDEN, CLAIRE; LIGO, MARCOS A. V.; FREITAS, HELBER C.; TATSCH, JONATAN D.; GOMES, EDUARDO. Fluxes of CO2 above a plantation of Eucalyptus in southeast Brazil. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, v. 151, n. 1, p. 49-59, JAN 15 2011. Web of Science Citations: 16.
SAAD, SANDRA I.; DA ROCHA, HUMBERTO R.; SILVA DIAS, MARIA A. F.; ROSOLEM, RAFAEL. Can the Deforestation Breeze Change the Rainfall in Amazonia? A Case Study for the BR-163 Highway Region. Earth Interactions, v. 14, NOV 2010. Web of Science Citations: 22.

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