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Predictive policing, social control and racial inequality

Grant number: 19/02612-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2019
Effective date (End): February 29, 2020
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Sociology
Principal Investigator:Sergio França Adorno de Abreu
Grantee:Letícia Pereira Simões Gomes
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/07923-7 - Center of the Study of Violence - NEV/USP, AP.CEPID

Abstract

This research project is of Sociology of Violence. It aims to identify intermediate mechanisms between predictive policing and racial inequality reproduction, as well as its relevance to building legitimacy in police practices. The research question is: how technologies related to this kind of policing influence, in racial states, racial inequalities reproduction and achieving procedural justice? As for a theoretical objective, it is sought to deepen and operationalize the concept of institutional racism in public safety, as police is known for historically controlling black communities. For empirical purposes, we highlight the predictive policing analysis, followed by its importance in the institutional framework, its operationalization as well as its direct and indirect relations to the race category. To do so, it is suggested to perform a comparative analysis of the uses of space-based predictive policing in three different contexts - Brazil, United States and United Kingdom - by using the diverse case method. (AU)