Advanced search
Start date

Tempo and mode of diversification in Adontosternarchus (Gymnotiformes, Apteronotidae): exploring the origin of species diversity in the Neotropical river channels

Grant number: 18/10654-1
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2019
Effective date (End): August 31, 2024
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology - Taxonomy of Recent Groups
Principal Investigator:Naercio Aquino Menezes
Grantee:Marina Vianna Loeb
Host Institution: Museu de Zoologia (MZ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:16/19075-9 - Diversity and evolution of Gymnotiformes (Teleostei, Ostariophysi), AP.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):21/10071-9 - Tempo and mode of diversification in Adontosternarchus (Gymnotiformes, Apteronotidae): a molecular approach, BE.EP.PD


The Neotropical region harbours the largest taxonomic diversities for several aquatic and terrestrial faunal groups in the world, with the most updated number of fish species registered is of about 8,000. Based on this massive diversity, reflections about tempo and mode of diversification in the group are justified, however, interpret in more detail the biogeographic history, as well as the tempo and mode of evolution in the Neotropical fauna constitutes a big challenge for researchers in the area. Among the limiting factors for studying these subjects are: 1. Poorly resolved taxonomic and phylogenetic relationships within groups; 2. Inadequate data about habitat, ecology and geographical distribution; 3. Absence, or incomplete data on fossil records; and 4. Insufficient knowledge on the geological history of hydrographic basins development in the Neotropical region. Adontosternarchus, a genus of Gymnotiformes, has unequivocal data in literature on its monophyly, phylogenetic positioning in Apteronotidae and interspecific taxonomic limits. Moreover, data on ecology and geographical distribution is available for the species within the genus. In this scenario, Adontosternarchus becomes a target group for studying tempo and mode of species diversification in the Neotropical ichthyofauna. Currently are recognized six species for the genus, preferentially distributed in the channels of the largest rivers in the lowlands of Amazon and Orinoco basins. The main goal of this proposal is to study the tempo and mode of diversification in Adontosternarchus. Hypotheses of phylogenetic relationships will be generated for target populations and species based on Sanger and Next Generation sequencing data in order to obtain: 1. Gene flow between population and species; 2. Morphological disparity (measured with anatomical markers); 3. Taxonomic boundaries of species; 4. Biogeographical patterns; and 5. Diversification rates in Adontosternarchus. Therefore, based on the diversification scenarios obtained for the genus, we aim to answer several questions related to the evolution of aquatic organisms in a continental scale. This research proposal is linked to the thematic project "Diversidade e Evolução de Gymnotiformes" (International cooperation FAPESP/Smithsonian Institution; Process n. 2016/19075-9, valid up to June 2022).

News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship:
Articles published in other media outlets (0 total):
More itemsLess items

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MARINA VIANNA LOEB; WILLIAN MASSAHARU OHARA. Fish fauna of moderate altitude from first order stream in upper Rio Machado, Rondônia, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo), v. 62, . (18/10654-1, 13/22473-8, 11/50282-7, 16/19075-9)
FABIANA VICENTE; MARINA V. LOEB; ANDRÉA CARLA GUIMARÃES DE PAIVA; CLAUDIO L. S. SAMPAIO; LEANDRO ARAUJO ARGOLO; UEDSON PEREIRA JACOBINA. Integrative systematics unveils the controversial identity of Engraulidae fishing stocks in a Neotropical estuary, northeast Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, v. 18, n. 4, . (18/10654-1, 11/06830-0)

Please report errors in scientific publications list using this form.